Autumn has come, which means the return of our Domovoi who told us his name was Tutak, which is an Indian name, he has returned, about a week ago, by banging on the glass window really loud. So we opened the window, spoke out loud thanking him for returning and helping, and set out his welcome back dinner, for this Autumn arrival. He stays generally until spring and then returns home. He is a good Domovoi, very helpful, a benevolent deamon to both me and one of my apprentices. He also comes into our dreams at night and sometimes help that way, he also does walk between the worlds, but will not risk coming fulling into the physical world unless its an old forest where he is protected.
When we first met him four years ago, I just figured he was Slavic and from Russian, but that is not true, he is actually a Mongolian Domovoi which makes him even more interesting. The words “deamon and daimon” are Latinized spellings of the Greek δαίμων (daimôn), a reference to the deamons of the ancient world, from Greek mythology, Hellenistic religions and Philosophy. The word itself is used in many traditions around the world where “Deamons” are good and benevolent “supernatural beings between mortals and nature, such as inferior divinities or wandering light astral bodies.”
This folk tradition differs from the Judeo-Christian usage of demon, which is a “malignant” soul or spirit that can seduce, afflict or possess humans. In this sense, the word demon is solely a bad soul or spirit. Deamons on the other hand, are good. In my Slavic tradition (Polish), the Slavic and Balkan people tend to retain their older folklore traditions (pre-religious traditions) along side of their modern religions) and thus, here is a story from a Polish website on the subject
The world in perception, was filled with folk magic and it’s beliefs in the existence of various kinds of supernatural powers and representatives of those forces, or deamons exsist. According to folk belief, the deamons, a positive and the demon, a negative, have impact on our human existence and therefore one is sought to exercise caution and avoided contact with the negative ones. Many of the demonic creatures were related to the area of the house and farms or large gardens.
It was widely believed at home in the presence of small black human creature called bożętami, they enter through cracks into the room and help the residents of this home like a Domovoi. First and foremost, Bozet helped women in their sleep mode and the rocking or soothing of children. The hostess left at home with the sleeping child, leaves some millet on the ground with the words: “Bozet, Bozet let everyone remembers about children, about the hut, and here you have millet”.
Another home was a familiar demon also known as Inkluzem. Initially regarded as a caring and benevolent spirit who lives under the threshold of the house, helping protect against the demon (devils), who serves the man by providing him with wealth and prosperity. The best way to get familiar with the Inkluzem is by lifting the first egg of black hen (called the kogucim egg). During this time, we are not allowed to pray, go to church or to use salt.
From the egg hatched a familiar as a black cat, a rooster or a bird. Nieosolonymi feed was familiar dishes, otherwise got angry and smashed the barrel of grain or Kiczki tore the roof sheathing. Familiar was nagging companion – occurred under your skin not only inmates but also to people passing by the house (for example throwing stones at them). He could also cause illness and even death. Getting rid of the familiar is not easy and required the intervention of a shaman, medicine woman (whisperer) or a priest.
In folk traditions its not kind to say that this shadow creature belongs or is a family or neighbors shadow, so all types of creature names were invented instead, especially when religions forbid such relationships with the nature of human or nature spirits. Of course this is how we used to heal our real shadow issues by confronting them directly or indirectly through magical folklore, which is much easier and less fearful.
Another demonic being haunted house and worrying has been the bane of residents also called gnieciuchem or gniotkiem. It came at night and suffocating sleeping people (nightmares). Also caused inertia in the legs and hands (restless leg syndrome). The bane of getting into the house through different kinds of slots or keyholes, just the same way he could get out. Clogging the hole, which enabled came to see this demon. It was said that great wealth could win the one who broke his nightmares. To protect against attack before bedtime cross oneself many different folk traditions would and still are used, especially in Romania.
The last report of a deamon was the Mamun in 1895, near Trzebniow, Silesia region, Poland – According to local folklore and eyewitness reports a strange group of humanoid creatures was said to inhabit the area around this village. The creatures or humanoids resembled the mythological Cyclopes and are called “Mamun” by the local peasants.
They were reportedly much taller than humans and well built. They were also hairy and wore primitive clothing. But the main feature distinguishing a “Mamun” from a human was the fact that the Mamuns were a one-eyed creatures. They looked ugly and seemed primitive in nature but never harmed the local people and didn’t approach their households.
These creatures reportedly lived in caves and wooded shacks inside the dense forests. One type as some villagers worked the fields in the vicinity of the forest a local woman had brought her children with her and had placed her youngest child in a cradle on a hammock closed to the forest. When the child (a girl) fell asleep the mother went to the fields to work. After a while a strange inhuman wailing moan was heard coming from the area where the woman had left her child sleeping, the moan definitely did not resemble a sound made by a crying toddler.
The mother of the girl ran to the cradle and when she reached the hammock she began to scream in terror. As others gathered they could see that instead of her daughter in her place there was a naked deformed, one-eye toddler, the creature was weeping and wailing loudly in a strange voice. It was reported that the Mamun brought the human child back to her mother. Later the strange humanoid creatures were exterminated by the locals.
Sometimes the use of a changeling was placed on a pile of manure or wynoszono on the road outside the village and whipped with a birch tree branch and a cradle is sprinkled with holy water, and in the corner of the bed a bunch of herbs consecrated or blessed.
Mamuny could haunt young children and to prevent this from happening, rags were together to create two small dolls (called mamunami) and hang them upside down on the door and the window. At midnight when Mamun showed up, the ukręcała dolls head was shown making the Mamuny leave without harm.
Art images – Visiting the Domovoi by Aleksandr Maskaev, Polish Folklore Room, The Domovoi by Vladimir Chernikov, the Mamun (one eyes cyclops),