Compilation along with writings by Phoenix – Winged horses combines the sacred animism symbolism and the Soul (bird wings of air) together in the form of air & earth, or movements of the horse clans. The chthonian (underworld) animal of the psychopomp (retrieving the soul from the underworld) is a state for purifying karma and spiritual elevation. These are from an ancient time of the soul cultures that included shamanism, animism and pre-shamanic dreaming cults. Most of us must begin a journey to the self, once enough knowledge has been passed through our understandings and that is when the difficulty begins. In Slavic traditions, the horse is always associated with water, the untamed nature of moisture, rivers, oceans, rain and snow.
The origin of the symbolism associated with traditions of the horse clans, mention links to the image of lightning and animals, supported by the diffusion of the horse and its ability to ride above them. This symbol is a part of our soul’s imagination into its manifestation through a shamanic practice of deaths and rebirths (not plant, or drug shamanism). This is where we shaman enter our own animism soul (winged or | animal) to go through different states of soul (not mental) consciousness and karma, and the expansion that comes from pain, to see the dreaming realms in more awakened states. Most myths through written languages have corrupted or changed the origin meanings and today they still do by modern writers who then go on to teach workshops.
The winged horse is a chimera or chimerical animal, just like the sphinx , so too the centaur and the griffin. They are composed of elements and their symbolic related to shamanism, not mythology. The horse is the power of emotion, and represents fluidity of nature through water, water being the main element of the soul. Elements in shamanism is very different than all other teachings because its about our non-human souls. No winged horses exist in the physical world, nor in the realm of dreams and the supernatural. The wings were always a symbol of our soul of herstory and the prehistory soul clans of dreaming and the earlier shamanism.
The term “water horse” was originally a name given to the kelpie, a creature similar to the hippocamp, which has the head, neck and mane of a normal horse, legs like a horse, webbed feet, and a long, two-lobed, whale-like tail. The term has also been used as a nickname for lake monsters, particularly Ogopogo and Nessie. The name “kelpie” has often been a nickname for many other Scottish lake monsters, such as each uisge and Morag of Loch Morar and Lizzie of Loch Lochy.
Other names for these “sea horse” and “hippocampus” (which is the genus name for seahorses). The “water horse” can often be a source of confusion; some consider the two terms to be synonymous, while others distinguish the water horse as a denizen of lochs and turbulent water such as rivers, fords, and waterfalls. Some authors call one creature of a certain place a kelpie while others call it a water horse. The name “water bull” has been used for either creature.
Hippogriffs & Hippalectryon
The Earth Horses are what are referred to as the Scythians nomadic tribe that dominated the steppes for nearly five hundred years. They spoke a tongue from the Northeastern Iranian language and were obviously a horse clan renowned for their ability and adaptability on horseback. The greatest amount of territory under Scythian influence extended west to east from Ukraine to an area of Siberia just above Mongolia. Many gold pieces shows both the stag (sacrifice) and the horse (freedom of emotions or feminine clans) as part of their art history.
From http://www.horsenomads.info… Sarmatians and Scynthians were like cousins as far as history goes, they arose in the foothills of the southern Ural Mountains during the 4th Century BC. They conquered the Sauromatians. The Sarmatians drove their Scythian kin from Ukraine sometime shortly before 200 BC. The Sarmatians were famous for their warrior women who inspired legends about the nomadic Amazons. They wore heavy armor and used lances as weapons. Their artwork was a more austere variation of the Scythian Animal Style. Around 200 ce, some Sarmatians served as auxiliary horse soldiers in the Roman Army.
The Scythians were the people who first raised the horse nomad culture to its fullest potential. They thundered out of central Asia about 750-700 bce and drove the horse-tribes of Cimmerian (Kimmerian) out of what is now the Ukraine. They ruled the Ukraine lands around700-200 bce. The best reconstruction of events historians and archaeologists are able to make is that the Scythians chased the Cimmerians south through the Caucasus into the Middle East. The Cimmerians found refuge in what is now Turkey, destroying the indigenous civilization of the Phrygians in the process.
This was the first example in history of the “chain reaction” paradigm that would play out multiple times on the steppe over the next several centuries. Subsequent to their pursuit of the Cimmerians, according to the ancient Greek writer Herodotus, the Scythians spent the next twenty-eight years in the Middle East. By modern reckoning, these twenty-eight years took place during the 7th Century bce. The Scythians spent their time in the Middle East generally raiding, plundering, and terrorizing the settled cultures they found there.
Scythians were led by King Partatua (also called Protothyes) during the first part of their time in the Middle East. Partatua married an Assyrian princess, a union producing his son and successor, King Madyes. The Scythians helped the Medes annihilate the Assyrian Empire in 612 BC. The Scythians carried on thriving commerce with Greek colonial settlements on the coast of the Black Sea. Apparently, some Scythians settled down in the southern Ukraine and the Crimea to grow enormous quantities of grain for sale to the Greeks. According to Herodotus, a group of people of mixed Greek and Scythian blood were called the Geloni, built a wooden city called Gelonus in the forested far northern margin of the Scythian realm. All the while their mastery over horses as an earlier horse tribe clan were never matched by any tribe except the Mongols.
Jabucilo was a winged horse belonging to Momcilo, a man of immense size and strength who possessed magical attributes. Momcilo carried a saber with eyes while upon Jabucilo. Folklore: Sarac was the wonder horse of Prince Marko Mrnjaveevic. He and his horse were inseparable. His companion and friend, Sarac was piebald and could talk. Legend has the Prince looking for a horse that could bear him. In order to test a steed, Marko would grab him by the tail and sling him over his shoulder.
One day Marko noticed a spotted piebald foal and he grabbed it by the tail, but could not move him at all. Marko bought and tamed the foal, naming him Sarac (after sara “dapple”). Sarac grew up into an extremely powerful horse. The horse could leap three spear-lengths high and four spear-lengths forward, which enabled Marko to pursue and capture the dangerous and elusive vila called Ravijojla.
Greeks had one word devoted to ghosts that frightened horses during a chariot race—a Taraxippus. This spectral spook, usually the ghost of someone involved with, or killed by, horses, appeared at racetracks across Greece, and were propitiated with sacrifices.
Greek city-states had their own ghost stories that honored legendary heroes; different spirits were said to haunt local spots. For example, the chronicler Pausanias described the racetrack, or hippodrome, at Olympia. The long side of the track had a spot that was home to “Taraxippus, the terror of the horses.”
During a race, the spirit would reach out from its hidey-hole, shaped like “a round altar,” and terrify the racehorses. As a result, gushed Pausanias, “the fear leads to disorder; the chariots generally crash and the charioteers are injured.” Charioteers would sacrifice to the Taraxippus before the race, so he wouldn’t freak out their mounts.
This Hippalectryon appears in 85 Greek ancient art objects, the oldest dating back to the 600 bce and is most frequently found in paintings on vases or more rare in sculpture, mounted by a young unarmed rider. It probably adorns some ancient coins. It is mentioned by Aeschylus.
One of the reasons that most of the human population does not believe in the mystery of the earth is because they were only focused on the human soul, men’s stories and religion created by men. Anything else that existed before this trinity of man/god was feared (called evil). Even today, in many pagan and spiritual men around the world, if they are challenged by spiritual women, they revert to the old standard patriarchal behaviors and throw their quest out the window to learn something new on earth, the other half and other half of the mystery.
Symbolism, Dream Quest and Shamanic Animism
Mongolian musician playing morin khuur , the viola with horse’s head. The creation of this instrument is closely related to shamanism and a winged horse. The winged or flying horse is also associated with shamanism , a practice very present in Central Asia. The creation of the morin khuur ( horse-headed viol ), a Mongolian traditional instrument, is related by a legend involving a winged horse. A shepherd named Khökhöö Namjil sings so well that one day, the ezen(spirit-master) living on the nearby mountain appears to him and gives him a magical winged horse, named Jonon Khar.
Every night, Jonon Khar flies to allow his rider to join his beloved. But a jealous woman has the wings of this horse fall from the sky and die. On the advice of his horse’s mind, Khökhöö Namjil uses his bones to create a violin adorned with a horse’s head, and plays songs telling the life of his horse. The Epic of Niourgoun the Yakut, heavenly warrior , made in XVIII th century in Yakutia, is filled with shamanic references. Niourgoun summons at will a dark red horse, able to speak.
His wings are his mane and his tail. On his back, the rider and warrior saw very clearly a shamanic flight. Tchal-Kouyrouk , from the national epic Kyrgyzstan , also intervenes with its wings that come out of the flanks in a story whose shamanic inspiration is not to be demonstrated. The testimony of a shaman from Madagascar includes many visions of centaurs and winged horses, while she assures to have no knowledge at the time of the stories staging this type of creature.
The horse’s wings make it a supernatural creature that escapes the limits of the known world. They connect it to the ecstasy of the shaman who climbs to the sky on a winged creature, usually a bird. In all shamanic practices, the man who undertakes a spiritual journey is assisted by an “animal that has not forgotten how we acquired wings” , otherwise it can rise. The Xianbei of Mongolia create numerous objects of art for winged horses.
According to Germanist Marc-André Wagner says the first winged horse first appeared in the Proto-Hittites cultures (8,000 years ago), and is native to the ancient East. According to nature and life, it was the ancient women shaman artists who showed us the first winged horses which were on the petroglyphed walls of Coliboaia Cave in Bihor, Romania (30,000 bce) and the Chauvet Cave in France (30,000 bce). In reality, there are no wings because true animism is a energetic soul reality, and not an aspect, but its own full animal or bird soul.
The way that the artists of antiquity depicted shape shifting and animism was not a combination of a horse in the flesh with fleshy bird wings. Real winged horses had and still have no wings because wings are our ancient bird soul. And later came the symbols for that. Combine a humans horse soul with their human soul and we get the symbol of the wings animals in ancient art.
The patriarch has never been a nice place for old souls, especially women, one of the stories was the Horse and the Maiden, a legend from ancient Athens. The maiden, Leimônê, meaning “Taming of the Horse”, is punished by her father, Hippomenes, meaning “Spirit of the Horse. A girl of such social status is educated to prepare her for marriage; it is a process of taming. Leimônê failed to complete the taming process and so she remained wild and free. Since she acted like an untamed horse, she was punished, Hippomenes shut Leimônê in a building with a horse and there she died.
One of the most famous wined horses is the Greek mythology of the divine in nature represented in white of Pegasus. According to the Greco-Roman poets, he ascends to heaven after his birth and puts himself at the service of Zeus but this was only after Zues destroyed Helios. Pegasus is friend of the Muses and creator of the source Hippocrene makes it spring with a hoof. Which in modern tale, the Japanese Anime uses this story in their Princess Mononoke.
Captured by the hero Bellerophon (who was one of the heroes set out to destroy the ancient goddess cultures) near the fountain of Pirene with the help of the goddess Athena to defeat a monster, the sacred Chimera. His rider is however victim of his pride and fall from his back trying to reach Mount Olympus . Pegasus finds Zeus, who ends up transforming him into a constellation , and placing him in the sky.
Winged horses of Tarquinia
The first appearance of winged horse on the European continent logically carried out in Greece on the currencies of the Corinthian VII th century bce under the influence of Asia Minor. The most widely represented is Pegasus , on pottery , coins and sculptures . The winged horses represented on helmets and shields, however, do not all appear Pegasus in particular. They have a prophylactic function , especially for warriors. An oenochoe representing the goddess Nike under girlish features, in a chariot drawn by four winged horses, is held in Berlin.
A work of the Etruscans, winged horses of Tarquinia , forms one of the most interesting among the artistic production of this people. This high relief adorned the temple of the IV th century bce, was perhaps coupled to a chariot and the inspiration of origin would come from the Pegasus, testifying of the Greek influence on the Etruscans . Hybrids of horse and bird of prey are represented in ancient times and under Merovingians.
The French folklore account winged horses in the Jura , all listed by folklorists of the 19th century , including Désiré Monnier. The white horse of Chisseria or “Pegasus of Ségomon” is specific to the canton of Arinthod. It appears in the air in the form of a white horse sometimes accompanied by will-o’-the-wisps, sylphs and sylphs , or ridden by an armed hunter who traverses the sky.
The white horse of Foncine, or “Pegase of Foncine”, is the subject of numerous testimonies. Reputed to appear more readily at dusk, “the hour of all marvelous apparitions, ” many shepherds claim to have had the pleasure of seeing “this elegant white horse graze at the sources of Sain, then fly away with”an admirable lightness ” towards the summit of the sacred mountain, which invades them with emotions. The mayor of Foncine-le-Haut himself testifies that this horse is very well known in his time.
China – Tianma
Tianma is the celestial horse of Chinese folklore. Capable of flying, it also protects silkworms . During the Zhou Dynasty , Tianma refers to the constellation of the celestial horse. It is associated with the Han Dynasty with Emperor Han Wudi , who appreciates the Central Asian horse. This animal is credited with many powers reminiscent of the dragon born from the waters, it is metamorphose and transcends the barriers between the animal species as much as the geographical distances. Its appearance is variable according to the stories, one of them presents it as a tiger galloping in the clouds, another as a snake with a horse’s head, another finally as close to the bird and endowed with ‘wings.
Bedouin – The Foal’s blood stained shoulder: During the times when nomadic tribes of Bedouin people wandered the deserts of what is now the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, Mesopotamia and Persia, the legend of the Bloody Shoulder Arabian was born. For hundreds of years, this story was handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. A Bedouin warrior saddled up his most prized Arabian mare that was with foal. During the act of battle, the mare gave birth to a strong healthy filly. Struggling to keep up with the mare and with the enemy quickly gaining on them, the warrior took his lance and pieced the foal through the shoulder. The mare understood the act and realized the foal would no longer be following her. Even though she was filled with grief, the loyal mare carried her warrior rider safely to his camp.
Ethiopian Pegasus on a manuscript of 1350, National Library of the Netherlands shows the Ethiopian Pegasus as mentioned by Pliny the Elder as a tribe of winged and horned horses that would live in the sub-Saharan Africa. Their figure is taken up in medieval bestiaries and not much is known of this winged horse.
Some attestations of winged horses are found in Africa. The Bagzan horse bred by the elite of the Tuareg Niger is credited with many supernatural powers including the fly, which is reminiscent of Pegasus. In the folklore of the Bambara of Mali , winged horses ridden by geniuses Kwore lead to regions of fertilizing rain.
India, Hinduism and Buddhism
Vedism – Tarkshya, In the Rigveda , Indra’s chariot steeds are winged horses with bright black fur and white feet. Their eyes shine like the sun, they attack themselves with their chariot with the golden yoke. Their speed exceeds thought. Vedic Indian traditions also include Tarkshya , the personification of the sun. Tarkshya is presented in the oldest texts as a horse, then he becomes a bird endowed with words in more recent writings, as in the Mahabharata where he merges with Garuda.
Personification of the sun in beliefs related to Vedism, Tarkshya seems to have received this role and this symbolism at very old times. He is one of Surya’s mounts, and is also known as Ashva, which simply means “horse”, or that of Arishtanemi in the Rigveda.
Buddhism – Balāha
According to the Buddhist view (although the belief is after Hinduism), Raja cakravartin , Bodhisattva benevolent, is surrounded by seven jewels of which is a class horse Balaha, able to fly, and to move effortlessly in all directions. This peculiarity has undoubtedly pushed the artists to attribute wings to him in their representations. They are known until Japan.
The Buddhist story of Balāha horse exists in different versions, in Chinese and Indian languages. A bodhisattva comes, in the form of a flying horse endowed with words and reason (often white, sometimes described as winged) to deliver Hindu merchants stranded on an island, who have mistakenly trusted rākshasas , anthropophagic demons. In the Jātaka Valāhassa, this horse is the future Buddha himself, in one of his previous incarnations. A more recent version attributes this metamorphosis to the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara , and the island is the future Ceylon. This narrative spreads with Buddhism and, since its original India, is represented until Cambodia and Japan.
Sleipnir was the name of Odin’s grey, eight-legged steed, the greatest of all horses which could traverse either land or sea and his speed far exceeded that of any other horse. Sleipnir is an Old Norse name meaning “gliding; smooth.” He was said to be an exceptionally smooth riding horse, which is where he got his name. He was the offspring of the shape-shifting trickster god Loki who transformed himself into a mare as well as the giant stallion Svadilfari. Sleipnir carrried his rider into the underworld and the Tjängvide image stone is thought to show Odin entering Valhalla riding on Sleipnir.
While fetching stone with his stallion, Svaoilfari, a mare (Loki transformed) ran from the woods. The mare neighs at Svaoilfari which makes him frantic. The mare runs back to the woods with Svaoilfari chasing after her. The two ran around all night allowing a delay in building the wall and the momentum once held by the hrímthurs and the stallion was never to be again. After time from the dealings Loki had with Svaoilfari, Loki gave birth to a gray foal with eight legs; the horse Sleipnir who was known as the best horse among gods and men.
The Mari Lwyd (The White Horse) In Welsh: Y Fari Lwyd
One of the most ancient of a number of customs with which people in Glamorgan and Gwent (Welsh people) used to mark the passing of the darkest days of midwinter, like the bell ringers of the Slavic peoples Wind or Water Horse.
Mari Lwyd, Horse of Frost,
‘Hers the white art that rouses
‘In the black of the churchyard yew we lay
The big stars stare and the small stars wink;
Three bottom photos of the Mari Lwyd Horses, copyright Jim Johnston via museumofwitchcraftandmagic.co.uk