Slavic Moon Wards and Wardcraft for the Dreamers

By Phoenix of Elder Mountain – Slavic amulets are as old as woman herself and they have the power for both the good and selfish means. Our artist/shaman ancestors valued symbolism from neolithic times and shared their sacred creativity on rocks and caves, the same as modern sacred artists, peasants, wizards, witches, embroiderers and weavers, and charming enchanters do. Nature is magic and combing symbols of nature on either a heavenly or hellish reality has guided humans since their physical beginnings.

Ornaments of sacred imagery whether they are tattoos, petroglyphs or stone carvings,  were first developed throughout prehistory, mostly by women who were either dreamers or shamans from those eras, and were used to keep the tribes and clans very safe once the rising war cults of men began in both pagan cultures and the rising religiou cultures. Because we have all had both male and female past lives, both the karma and the tragedy was done by all of us, regardless of color or country. Our days were limited as we were no longer nomadic and the world was changing and we had to find defenses or defense against shadows forces. Symbols usually are the most powerful when they are for protection, relationship to nature and animism and health.

Slavic and ancient tribes of Slavs were no different, they have what they call Wards and Wardcraft amulets and talisman in the shaman eras before the middle ages, there were effigy, objects and symbolic imagery made from stone and wood, shells and birch bark, snake skin and embroidery which are indigenous wardcrafts.

In later times, when pagans took over, they were made from gems, gold and silver, copper or metals. Slavic people have used both the ancient tattoo possessing along with symbols on clothing to various degrees as a powerful guardian image against shadow forces which are only prevalent in certain ages of plagues, abuses by the rich and powerful and war.


Slavic symbolic depiction of trees, birds, animals and scenes from life have come down to us from our shamanic grandmother ancestor’s rituals, fire ceremonies (images within the fires or water), and then later written into mythology. Artists who have carried this tradition in their soul, in ancient times and later in the middle ages, were direct charmers or magicians and who were attributed to the influences of symbology into more than just the natural world, they went into the human darkness and human diseases from misuses of power. 

There are also amulets and talisman which were used and made by wizards or sorcerers and still are. But remember, once the “gods” and “goddesses” dominated pagan religions, we began to lose our own shamanic power which were goddess/god like. In Russia, they have a term called “cloud dragons” which in pagan times it was said that wizards and powerful witches or sorcerers could manipulate weather.

Anna and Elena BalbussoBut dragon clouds are a much older shamanic reality of  “magical water” and “magical fire” where the aspects of shaman could and can again actually connect with their spirit which turns into clouds, rain and storms. Of course this requires pure souls (no karma) to “become” the weather and a guardian of earth. This is not a myth or legend, it is truth.

The Author Vedensky says: “In the Trypillian Culture there is an interesting analogy to the Borjoshian sorceress, which in turn is the key to revealing the meaning of a large number of colorful images on ritual magic. In the settlement of Nezvysko, EK Chernysh discovered a sitting female figure, separately molded stools and miniature ornamental charms made on the same scale, and a scoop with a bird’s head, also painted. I think that all these carefully made and finely painted things are naturally formed in a complex depicting the rite of “Water-Waving” (a spiritual shaman woman sitting on a chair, scooping and scooping the water). 

Cherpak gives an additional detail: “It is obvious that ritual water was poured in parts. Of exceptional interest is the painting of a miniature clay figures, reproducing one of the themes of the painting of the symbolism of the charms widely represented on the pottery of Tripoli. Truncated-conical mission-charms are a stable form of painted utensils. In their function they are associated with the rituals of prayers for water, and according to the subjects the murals suddenly turn out to be sometimes connected with mysterious binocular vessels. Therefore, they should be considered together, although here we are already moving from the field of plastic to the area of ​​painting.”

Slavic Goddess Mokosh with Horses and sometimes Stags

Some of the wardship was under one of the most powerful guardians besides Marzanna, and that is Makosh who is the symbol of the Great Goddess Mother, the Primal One, the Bone Mother, the Shaman Grandmothers… long before she was ever a pagan wife of Veles. Makosh is considered the goddess of Magic and Healing, as she sits in the heavenly throne with her assistants Dolya and Nedolya, the goddess of needlewomen spins the threads of human destiny, the Triple Goddesses of Fates.  The Slavic Triple Goddess.

Makosh is the mother of all living things which means she is mother earth, and the one who birthed and created all gods. She is the essence of the feminine, measures and destinies (reincarnation, the lunar moon cycles, the four seasons), the patroness and protector of women. Makosh – Mistress of All Living Nature, intersections between the four worlds, the four winds, the four corners, and the transition from this world to the Other worlds of earth.

The word Ma “mother”, giving life to all, “Kosh” a basket for abundance. Makosh is the patroness of the feminine principle and earth and woman’s fertility. The image of the Slavic Mother, who has an embryo in her womb, was embodied in the goddess Ma-kosh, who feeds her child with everything necessary until she is born which has to do with life in the maiden stage, motherhood in the adult stage and rebirth in the grandmother stage of life. Most often, Makosh was depicted in embroidery embroidery with his hands raised with deer or horses at her sides which is a clue left over from pre-pagan shamanism of the birth of one’s own animism soul.

Kolyadka Wheel, Korovat

Kolovrat is a modern male paganism symbol of the eight pointed ray and considered one of their main and most powerful Slavic amulets. The main preserving sign and the symbol of the god-creator Svarog. The eight-ray Kolovrat is also symbol of the ascending Yarila-the Sun and the Renaissance when the sun cult tribes rose (paganism and religion).

There is a much older tradition of this symbol which I call the “Midnight Sun” which represented the Goddess of Winter, like Marzanna including Black Madonna (religious), Lithuanian Morė), Czech, Bulgarian, Slovene, Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian Morana; Slovak and Macedonia Morena; Russian: Maslenitsa (Russia). Belarus and Ukraine: Mara. Poland folklore as Mora, Zmora Końska, Mara, Nocnica, Dusznica, Moréna, Mora or Marmora.) Kolovrat wards belong to the midnight sun (night goddesses which includes the autumn and winter goddesses, star goddesses and dreaming goddesses) and is used in Slavic Winter Seasonal celebrations like the Kolyadki of the Ukraine people.

The signs for pagans reflect the rotation of the Sun but in the older pre-pagan traditions this symbol of the midnight sun is the long winter season of the grandmother’s death and transformation, not the life giving sun of spring and summer (youth and maiden).  Many of the main slavic colors are Red (the Seasons of Fire – Spring and Summer or growth), Black (the Seasons of Night – Autumn and Winter or changes) and White (the Heavenly influences upon both).

There is a negative side to this amulet as well in the pagan traditions, the karmic energy of the warriors, preparing for a mortal battle and thus this symbol must be used with very careful applications and intention on its feminine side, so not to cause conflict and chaos. In the lower vibrations of this pagan symbol, it was to raised the military energy because its the sign of Yarila the Sun, and with its misuses from our past, the men became burnt out and lost all lands to religious uprising.

Svarozhich - art by Viktorjokinen at DeviantArt.png

The Slavic Wreaths of woman is a symbol of protection, abundance and fertility in the forms of life from our spiritual rebirths, of the earth and her fertility at the peak or  fullness of woman’s mysteries. Wreaths are the most sacred headdress of women and still celebrated in modern traditions such as Kupala, Ivana Kumpala Summer Solstice celebrations.

Pagans only know the flower crown associated with the bride, but crowns of flowers, animal horns etc. goes back to pre-pagan rituals for 20,000 years. Woman loves flowers and herbs and she used them as adornment in dance rituals, healing rituals and seasonal rituals.

Lamus Dworski says of the Polish Tradition: “Wreaths and other hair ornaments made of flowers and herbs are an essential part of many of the Polish rural customs. Although most of the customs became almost extinct in the course of the 20th-century modernization of society, and are preserved mostly in local ethnography museums, there are still certain festivals bearing remnants to the pre-Christian Slavic rites still alive within the Polish culture nowadays. The bridal flower crowns are among the customs that faded away – but can be still spotted around, for example on reenactments of the traditional weddings by various ethnography organizations, in art and culture (including e.g. theatre or cinema), or on some rather rare occasions of weddings when the bride decides to wear a traditional Polish garment instead of the modern white dress.”

I am personally personally glad that the bridal crown faded, so these wonderful crowns could return again and be used for all other occasions of maidens, mothers and grandmothers throughout the spring, summer and autumn rituals, not just marriage. Of course brides look wonderful with their flower crowns as it reconnects them to nature as much as it does their life or partial life partner.

Lunica Lunitsa Lunula.jpgFALCON, BIRD SYMBOLS & LUNITSA
The Rus, which is part of the Carpathian Boyjko, Hustul, Lemko of Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine, have some of the oldest symbols of the bird pendants. Pagans like the Egyptians used only the swift Falcon as the symbol of conquest handed down from grandfather to son to grandson. But this symbol is so much older than heroes and wars, and in fact Ukraine today still has this symbol of the Falcon as their country’s national symbol, and thus is still in “conflict” with Russia. Even modern Russians want to change the Bear effigy as their nations symbol because its too aggressive of a symbol.

The bird symbol is much older than the falcon and more of a female symbol in its origins. It has much more to do with bird medicine (soul medicine) and healing, and includes all ancient symbolism of the slavic bird tribe women.

If you let go of the masculine aspects of this symbol and ask the feminine to revive the female spirit of the the Firebird or Phoenix, the Alkonost, the Siren and all the other Bird Effigies of our pre-pagan and pre-patriarchal ancestral lineages of the shamanic eras rather than the Kingdom building and war eras. Then you can get down to the fiery spirit in the image of the soul bird who destroys and releases the shadow parts of the self, which is Vulture Medicine, one of the oldest bird medicines on earth.

The symbol on the right is the Moon or Lunar symbol called Lunica, Lunitsa, Lunula of the Slavic, Viking and old Scythians. When religion came, they added the cross to the bottom section (*the tail area of a bird). The moon and bird are the oldest pre-pagan female symbol for the emotional body, the feminine and the moon. Its a dual symbol which symbolizes the “soul bird” and the moon. Today its only used from the later demotions as a symbol of the moon. Its important to recognize the visuals of the bird cults of shamanism of our ancestral past, which cannot be separated for the lunar seasonal cycles of the moon, and the seasonal migration of the birds and our symbolic nature of the seasons of change of our emotional body which effects our soul.

Russian Fern Initiations.png

The fern flower is a double fire sign consisting of two swastikas, symbolizing the purity of the clockwise energy and counter-clockwise energy set through the intention. The magical fern flower or initiation of the vesta of female shamans is the only association in mythology of a “non-hallucinogen flower or plant”. This is because its much older then paganism and the goddess cultures.

fire-the-double-swastika-and-fern-e1522536759428.jpgThe prehistory spiritual forces connected through nature into woman, bestows the powers of intuition, dreaming, emotional truth and soul-knowing which connects with this fiery symbol. In pre-pagan cultures (shamanism cultures), the initiation process of a female shaman began in the maiden stage until they finished adulthood, under the ancient grandmother’s traditions before grandfather rose to power spiritually or the pyramid kingdoms. So much was lost over the last three thousand years but is slowly returning through the new cycles of initiation of women.

The Immortal Fern and the Moon Art PlekhThe fern flower today is called Fire and has to do with our Souls awakening and sooner or later, the animism souls, celestial souls, weather souls, all the things that are just stories of legends will return. The symbol and naturalism is the fern initiation processes to return us back to where we were in shamanic cultures.

As we move forward in that great circle now in our next evolution, the fire of this shamanic power is associated with the power of mother earth, both of life and destruction through the creation and rebirth of woman, but also the gentle possessing of healing between these two strong forces.  It was believed that the shaking sisters sent various diseases and troubles to her children who misbehaved and engaged in war and the killed other humans. The spirit guardian (earth forces) of the Fern Flower together with the sister Birch Trees and the odolen-grass was able to burn sickness and cleanse the environment, cleanse our body in order to purify our soul from the forces of evil.

This is why its associated with female shamans initiations, which through oral traditions were long lost, when runes and writing began. The love of a woman as a powerful mother and spiritual warrior to defend and be guardians of the earth were long over by the time religion came.  The amulet of the flower of the fern does not do the hard work, the initiated does, so it doesn’t really protect or purify and having the amulet will only be a reminder.

Some of the things that one must master is to resist temptations (overcome additions to pot, alcohol, shamanic plants, sex, porn, abusive behaviors, food additions. Survive Illnesses and difficult circumstances.

As each step is completely mastered, then fortitude, clarity of perception of the world rejoins perspective and our awareness increases. This is considered a female amulet, and the Flower of Fern is intended for women, young through elder. Pagan men changed this amulet to being a male or men’s amulet, but it is not and never has been.

Amulet is something you wear, Talisman is an object used or hung in particular spaces and Charms can be both.

1. Amulets can not be made for the self, for the self, talismans are made.

2. No one can force someone to make a talisman for them or ask them to do so. Amulets are made only of free will and from a pure soul (no karma).

3. The strongest amulets, are those made for you by your blood relatives: father, mother, brother, children. Marital relations are traditionally not considered to be blood relatives, but if the marriage is harmonious and happy, the mutually created charms also have great power. And a local healer or shaman can make them outside blood family.

4. You need to be very careful about the choice of materials for amulets, because often the material (stone, wood) that is good for you is completely inappropriate for the person to whom you are creating this amulet.

5. In the process of creating a talisman, you must constantly think about the person for whom you are doing it, keep their image in front of your mind, feel their energy, mood, character, needs etc. Also while making, sing or chant positive intention for what the talisman is for. The safest materials available and convenient for making amulets are ordinary threads: woolen, linen, cotton. And embroidery was considered the simplest talisman since ancient times. She was traditionally present on any cloth, towel, clothes.

Embroidery charms
The most important thing is color and pattern. The color scheme should correspond to the part of the spectrum that embroidery is designed to protect. Tips for making embroidery charm:

1. Embroidery without knots. Secure the thread without knots, as they negatively affect the charm.

2. To protect against betrayal and betrayal, make in orange-red tones.

3. If you are preparing a talisman for a child, embroider any animal with red or black threads.

4. In order to make a ward that will protect the student from aggression, embroider something with blue or black threads.

5. To improve financial well-being or protect businesses from risks, make embroidery with green threads.

6. Embroidery threads of black color will help to get pregnant and protect against infertility and also shadows.

7. To protect your health, embroider a tree, and even better green spruce. The tree has always been considered a symbol of longevity, which is why they talk about the family tree and the tree of desires.

8. To protect your love, embroider flowers, best bright red.

9. Try to sew small items with one color of thread. Let it be a small inconspicuous pattern in the corner of the handkerchief or ornament on the towel.

Amulets are embroidered according to the lunar calendar

Charm for children embroidered on the first quarter of the moon, for adults on the Full up to 3rd quarter depending on the purpose of the charm.

For the profit of something (well-being, health, feminine charm, conception, masculine strength and wisdom), make on the 7th, 10th or 14th day of the moon, to the decrease of something (diseases, for example) make on the 20-21st lunar day.

On the “good” day, the guardian BEGIN, sew 10-20 crosses. If you have time, then sew the amulet completely, and you can continue any day, regardless of the moon.

Charm color

1) White. Associated with the idea of ​​Light, purity and sacredness (White Light); at the same time – the color of death, mourning.

2) Red – Fire, (and the Sun – like heavenly Fire), blood (vital Force).

3) Black – Earth.

4) Green – Vegetation, Life.

5) Golden – Sun.

6) Blue – Sky, Water.

7) Purple is rarely found in Russian embroidery.

Charm can be made with only one thing necessary to remember: the more often there is contact between the ward and the owner, the stronger it will act. Make your baby a touch pad of charm, let him pull, suck, chew – it will only be good. Amulets should be more often held in the hands, attuning their energy and the energy of the amulet. Wards after a certain time must be cleaned, i.e. wash. Wash as usual by hand, in warm water, rinse thoroughly. When to wash – the amulet itself will prompt.

The most important thing is your thoughts at the moments of making of a charm! It should be only positive: Kind, bright, affectionate! Amulets do not help to get away from something (from diseases, from alcohol addiction, from infertility), they are to help achieve GOALS (health, happiness, harmony, success, well-being, love, beauty).

If the Goddess Makosh helps you, you can not sew, make or embroider on Fridays. On this day, Makosh wards itself and puts all the power into it. If made on a Friday Amulet will have no power.

Be sure to wash your hands so that any negative energy is gone before you make a charm, amulet or talisman. If you embroider a talisman to someone, ask for a symbolic price for it, this is how energy will be exchanged. In most cases, women embroider amulets, and on certain women’s days they are not recommended to engage in amulets. It is also impossible to embroider amulets when you are ill.

Before you embroider a charm, measure your spiritual strength, if you can embroider, because the charm takes a lot of energy.

Most women embroider amulets or make talisman or create charms after the age of 33. If you are younger and decided that you can, then you have a great spiritual potential but if you think you have spiritual potential but you don’t, the charm will backfire.

Professional Tips
Water is a purifier, releases negative energy, so be sure to wash your hands before embroidering the amulet. Before embroidery in general, you should always wash your hands, but here it is especially important, as water flushes all thoughts before work and bad and strangers and everything else, because it is necessary to tune in to this particular guard for this person just for his health, well-being and nobody else.

It is not necessary to take up the embroidery of several wards at once! For each particular charm and person you need your own emotional attitude! It is better to turn off charms in turn.

You also do not need to overload one charm with several symbols at once. In this case, the charm may not work in full force. It is better to embroider several amulets to solve specific problems!

When making a talisman you need to pay attention to the following

Home and family charms can be issued in a frame.

Health charms are better designed in such a way that there is constant tactile contact – key chains, pillows. This is especially important for children’s amulets. For adults, you can arrange and framed.

You can also clean the charm with the help of salt from the negative impact. You can wash charm in salt water. When the amulet does its job, it will go away (for example, it will be lost, torn, broken, etc.)

If the goal for which the amulet was embroidered is achieved, it can be given to a river or a forest.

Do not forget to thank him wholeheartedly for the work done!

There are charms that can be stored as a relic for many years. These are amulets made “for joy”: Rozhanitsy, Ladintsy, Velesy, Dazhdbog. And it is simply not recommended to keep the colors of Fern and Grasses, if they are made for departure, i.e. to get rid of diseases. God forbid, who from descendants will find such charm !

Try to understand how the guardian is detached

If the charm is difficult, something constantly interferes – the future owner of the charm has quite noticeable difficulties, obstacles that have yet to be realized and worked through. And if the amulet does not go at all, one after another mistakes are planted, the threads get tangled and torn – this is a sign that it is not time for such a guard that it will either not help the future owner or not be useful.

Now pay attention to your well-being during work. Starting to make a charm, you come into resonance with the one to whom you make charm, and be prepared to begin to feel the painful manifestations of the problems of the future owner of the charm. Remember: making a talisman is a responsible business, you put a part of your soul into a talisman, as well as a part of your mental and physical health.

To some extent, you share responsibility for the problems of a person with them, relieve them of this burden. Think about whether you are ready for this for a particular person. It is clear that a loving mother, without thinking, will do everything for her child, a loving wife for her husband, loving children for parents. But if you take up the talisman for a friend, buddy, neighbor, appreciate your spiritual and energy strength.

To sew charms to strangers, not blood relatives, requires a large internal energy, strength, purity and speed of thought and is generally for the elder to do. If you feel enough inner strength in yourself and (most importantly) accept responsibility for possible “side reactions” the person will have, you can safely become master of amulets.

The most important thing – and I do not get tired of repeating it! – these are your thoughts at the moment of otshitya charm ! It should be only positive kind, light, affectionate.

As for the materials
Cotton threads are best suited for permanent protection against the evil eye and damage. Silk is good for maintaining clarity of thinking, helps in difficult situations associated with a career.

Wool protects those people whom the evil has, alas, touched. It closes the breakdowns in your energy. Wool embroidery is performed on clothes in the neck, heart, solar plexus, lower abdomen, that is, where the main chakras of a person are located. Wool usually embroider silhouettes of animals (those that you like, to which you intuitively drawn), less often – trees and fruits. It is not necessary to embroider birds and stars with wool. But the sun is fine, will constantly protect you from cold and darkness in life.

Flax acts soothingly, it works especially well when using ancient symbolic patterns – when depicting the sun, stars, birds, trees.

Don’t use Hemp, its a lower vibration than wool and flax.


baba yaga by illustrator N

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol

Mary’s Sign
Mara is the material part of the world, the protector of the woman, giving fertility. She is the ruler of the earthly and the underworld. In Latvian mythology, Mara is the Mother Goddess. A person after death passes into the realm of mother Earth. Mara incorporates other images of mothers – Forests, Wind, Sea, Milk, Cows, Bella, etc. The sign of Mary is an equilateral triangle, with the top down, a sign of the feminine. This is the power of the internal, the power of the Goddess.  Mara is the embodiment of all life, and therefore forms a whole series of signs of Mary – the waters of Mary, the land of Mary, the cross of Mary. These signs give solidity, protection, communication with the forces of nature and the earth.

Water Mary
Zigzag is a symbolic representation of water, like in Latvians, and other nations. Therefore, in the Latvian folklore this symbol portrays Maru as the Mother of the Sea and the Mother of Water. A simple horizontal line symbolizes Mara as Mother Earth. A zigzag is one of the Paleolithic symbols. In the products of folk art there are many varieties of zigzag Mara. This sign is often used as a basis for combining other ornaments. There is a zigzag with broken tops or a discontinued zigzag.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol

Jumis – a sign of the feminine, of the internal, of fertility, abundance and harvest. It is woven into a dowry of young women. Yumisu all served twice. The place in the house, symbolizing the presence of Yumis. The sign is placed on the mat (roof ridge), thereby ensuring in the houses wealth and harmony.  It also has ties to the bird by its shape which represents the soul.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Lima Sign (Happiness)
This is a very ancient sign. On the territory of the Baltic during the Mesolithic era and was one of the most popular neck ornaments. Lima is responsible for the way of human life and it determines the fate of a person and controls the way of life and it heads a special group of deities – the deities of Fate and Destiny: Lima (Happiness), Dekla (Way), Map (Order) The Goddess Laima’s symbol resembles a twig, needles, spruce. This evergreen was widely used as a decoration. It is firmly entrenched in the ornament of products as one of the most popular signs, as it carries with its symbolic qualities happiness and good enjoyment to all the objects that it decorates.
Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol
Lima Whisk
Lima mark is similar to bird feathers of the late shaman cultures into early Paganism, while people worshiped animals, birds, sea animals is because animism souls are part of our human soul. The bird was a symbol of the soul and Lima was considered the Guardian of the Soul. The main attribute is a pinnacle, so sweeping or whisking is to be paid attention to.  The whisk is always with Lima, she uses it to remove the newly born baby in the bath. She sweeps away all the bad and unclean from the house: envy, resentment, anger, evil eye. Graphically, a Lima is a grouped needles with an accented central part most commonly found in ribbon and belt patterns.
Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Austra Tree
Austra Tree, Sun Tree – A Generalized Model of Human knowledge and ideas about our world. This tree combines an understanding of the past, the present and the future, about our ancestors, about ourselves, about our children. The tree is a connection with the spiritual and a manifestation of spirituality. Graphically, the sign resembles a new twig starting to grow. But in the most luxurious derivatives, the sign is as rich as its explanation. Often the Austra Tree is intertwined with the Sun, Moon, or elements of the Ausekl and Mary sign. The solar tree is used as an ornament in women’s clothes — in woolen fabrics, in shirts, in wreaths.
Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol

Mary’s Cross – Cross of Crosses
The whole material world is in charge Mary, including bread, and fire, and life. The Cross of Crosses is called the Cross of Mary – it is a symbol of the earthly feminine.


Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol The sign is directly associated with fire, home, fertility. He was depicted on a loaf of bread, in the evening drawn in the ashes of the hearth. The thing depicting the cross symbolizes the sacrifice of Mare, receiving in return her blessing and supervision (guardian angel). By crossing out the horses of the cross, we get a sign that encompasses both  isolation and perfection, both life and death.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol

The third most important of the heavenly bodies is the star. Star patterns in Latvian beliefs are magical meaning – they protect against evil and shield against the forces of darkness and the underworld. At night, a blanket with the Stars guards the soul of the sleeper. Usually found in a star pattern, this is a combination of a straight and oblique cross. Most a simple star shape is a cross. In Latvian ethnographic images cruciform star there are four, six or eight rays. The sign of the cross among many peoples is at the same time an airy and fiery symbol. The Star sign is more common for Finno-Ugric peoples, therefore in the territory of Latvia it is more often found in Livy.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Auseklis (Morning Star / Midnight Sun)
The most famous symbol in folklore is the morning star. A star with eight rays symbolizes the light of victories in the fight against darkness. Auseklis is also considered the strongest version of the Cross of Terror. Just like in runic practice – this sign needs to be drawn by one lines, without taking off hands, and at the same time at a certain time, to anyone not showing. This is usually done on Christmas Eve, Old Year Eve or Ligo Evening (Ivana Kupala). The sign guards and does not allow close the forces of darkness, sorcerers and bad people. In folklore, Auseklis is mentioned as the Daughters of the Sun Goddess.

Interestingly, in the 30s of the 20th century, Auseklis as a symbol of the Renaissance, gained particular popularity. During the formation of the first independent republic, he stepped into politics from the field of ethnography.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol The Sun

The sun is a symbol of perpetual motion and life. In Latvian folklore is a female symbol!  The sun is the Mother and Woman at the same time.   It is located at one of the highest levels in the hierarchy of symbols.  She has an extensive regiment of relatives: Sun Mother, Sun Daughters, Sun Father, Sun Brothers, Sun Children, Sun Sons, Sun Daughters, etc. The sun is considered the mother of all children. The image of the sign 8 is a petal rosette, four-petal signs are also possible. The symbol was used in women’s jewelry and clothing, most of all the Solar Signs are on the tools of labor that daughters need to make a dowry.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Month

The month is one of the central elements of the solar symbolism in almost all ancient civilizations. In Latvia, the symbol of the month has been known since the Neolithic. The duty of the Month takes care of the stars, as the father of the children. As cute as Mother Sun, the Month is not, but is also held in great respect. The sign of the month – the closest connection with the cult of agriculture. The peasants knew about the influence of the moon on all life on earth. Growing and aging Month – signs of life and decay. The month was also considered the guardian of warriors and this symbol decorated men’s clothing, weapons and toys for boys. The simplest symbol of the month is a semicircle or angle of 90 degrees. The sign can also be depicted with bent ends or a broken middle.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Moon-Cross
In the ornament there are more complex images of the Month.  The most popular of them is a sign formed from two or four corners in 90 degrees. Paired signs usually indicate a symbolic link with the cult of fertility. Defensive power is attributed to this symbol. One of the complex derivatives of the sign is the Moon Cross – four symbols of the Month are symmetrically placed around a circle or quadrilateral. Four phases of the month can be displayed in this sign.  Ancient traditions of the formation of signs indicate that the symbols that are associated with the heavenly sphere, were used to decorate festive clothes.  In the hierarchy of signs they are assigned the highest level.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Usin (Usiņš)

Usin is a symbol of the spring fertility god and guardian of horses. He controls the horses in the wagon of the ancient God of light. Usin, and skilled horseman and dashing charioteer. The sign of Usin is similar to the two letters E, set back to each other or key. This sign is most often found on mittens. Since mittens are a key part of the clothes and give the wearer special luck along the way. In general, Usin the ancient name of a more young deity – Yuri. Therefore the day Usin is celebrated is on April 23, when for the first time horses were let out to graze. Usinu rooster and staged Usinsky Bazaar for buying and selling horses.


Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol

Already – a symbol of wisdom and witchcraft. He is considered sacred animals for which all the sacraments are available. The greatest magic power endowed – White Oh. The Sign of the Uzh belongs to the group of signs of Mara, because Mara was able reincarnate into a snake. The sign of Mary contains the symbol of the mother of Things (Clothing, Linen) and Oh, in turn, tightly connected with the world of things. Sign Uzh often depicted on women’s clothing and bath accessories. On the patterns, located on the sacred stones, he was depicted as symbol of the underworld. Two crossed Uzh Signs are graphically similar to the Swastika. But ethnographers have not yet found confirmation of the fact that the Swastika is a derivative, and not an independent sign. 

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol

Rooster Martynia
The rooster is the oldest symbol of dawn, awakening and vigilance.  It has long been hoisted on the towers, so that he looked in all directions and  warned of the danger. At the beginning of November, Martynia Day was celebrated in the villages. At this time, ended all the work in the field and preparing for winter. The peasants  sacrificed the Black Rooster to thank the gods for their abundance and fruitful year. For the Ancient Latvians, as well as for the Slavs, the rooster was the spirit of the owner of the house, so when  settling into a new dwelling, it was launched and left to spend the night: if he met the dawn with  singing, then it was possible to move. The rooster is the masculine principle of the universe in almost all  world cultures and beliefs.  Wedding symbol for a man — mittens, belts and shirts — was often decorated with this symbol.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol Cross of Thunder and Fire, Cross of Branches, Cross Perkonsa, Swastika
Perkons (Perun) – one of the oldest gods of the ancestors – it is also called the Old Father. In Latvia, Perkons cross was found during excavations on things dating back to the 3-4th century (early Iron Age), for example, in the Sakta bronze ornaments (brooch holding a plaid on the shoulders) of Latgalian and Finno-Ugric tribes.

Latvian mittens knitting ornament Latvian mittens knitting ornament symbole symbol  Later, the image appeared a lot of derivatives and complicated options, Perkons Cross attracts luck, energy, fire, thunder and wind. This sign has many options for the image. He is directly associated with the symbols of the Sun, Happiness (Cross of Lima). He was taken to be punched at the end of the infant bed, and also woven into the belt with which the child was tied up. In Northern Kurzeme (region of Latvia) there was a custom – before the birth of a child, on the ridge of the roof (mother) a Swastika carved from a tree was hung, which was removed only after a person died. This sign, as well as Yumis, is often depicted on sacred stones and amulets. On jewelry and in clothes (in belts, in covers, in mittens) this sign was woven or embroidered to protect against all evil. Perkons cross is a very popular sign all over the world. He is known for at least 5000 years.  Unfortunately, this sign is often associated with the Nazi 30s movement in Germany. However, one should distinguish between cases of the image of the Cross Perkons, as respect and use of the cultural heritage of its people, and not allow its use for neo-Nazi purposes and it remains only to regret that so many people in our time know their history and ethnography badly.

Cross of Thunder and FireLatvian mittens, knitting mittens, patterns for mittens, jacquard pattern, Latvian mittens, knitting, ornament, jacquard pattern

Various sources: first photo: Camilla.albano instagram;; Svarozhich – Art by Viktorjokinen at DeviantArt; Lamus Dworski; Tree Illustration by Anna and Elena Balbusso;; 

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