Slavic Faceless Doll Talisman and their Ancestral Magical Powers

By Phoenix of Elder Mountain (collections of various writings) – At our Facebook page, we invite you to do our group traditional folk doll project on the Spring Equinox (you do it at home, with family, children, friends or your spiritual group). Each year, the day after the Spring Equinox we make a Soroka (Magpie) Doll or the Motanka Doll (human doll). Please join us this year March 21, 2019 to make your Spring Doll and share a photo with us:  https://www.facebook.com/ElderMountainDreaming 

In ancient times, the Slavic people took traditional folk doll making seriously, and as their talisman, quite seriously (Russians call them Amulets). Dolls are also called Charms and each one were either ancestral in nature, a talisman to bring happiness or prosperity or the more shamanic folk dolls that protected one from evil. Mostly Ukraine and Russian people make these dolls as a major part of their traditional craft, but other Slavic countries here and there, also do them.

Most identified with the image of female deities and goddesses, dolls like Zernushka was “responsible” for a good harvest. But to grow and harvest food is only half the battle. The harvest should provide a comfortable life and prosperity in the home and to do this without the doll Bogatka (Great Tit song bird)does not work, our ancestors believed this.

Patchwork dolls, Charm dolls, and Rag dolls were in every village house. Some were for playing and some were for rituals. Vepsian dolls had been found in the Babaevo and Vytegra areas of the Vologda region of Russia and made from mothers old clothing and textiles. Northern Russian dolls were called stolbushka (picket-doll), zernushka (grain doll), rvanka (wrench doll); these served as talisman and were for protection against malignant forces. Others were to bringing wealth and good luck.

The base of many of the dolls are rolled up linen or a thick material. The rolled up base is called the Wand (or a column), and also called Stolbushka (same as the Motanka Doll). For full prosperity in the house it was necessary to ensure that the doll was not bothered with chaos or disruptions in order to fulfill its “duties”, it was hidden from prying eyes and could even be kept on an altar.

Slavic doll talisman were not only for decorating the interior, for holidays or played with by children, they have always been very strong helpers in everyday life, in the social and personal life of our ancestors and the ancestral traditions handed down. Some dolls were made on the occasions close to seasonal traditions, like the Spring Equinox, Shrovetide or the day of the Summer Solstice (Ivana Kupala).

They were and still are made as gifts or ceremonial symbols for celebrating family events, family ancestors, wedding or the birth of a child, as well as simply made as guardians of peace, health, wealth, protection and love. Also they are seasonal dolls that go with the seasonal year:

Spring
March (Spring Equinox) Burning Dolls

March 9 – Magpies, Soroka, Soul Bird Doll
April 23 – Fat Kostromushka Doll
April May Dolushka  Doll

Summer
June 3 – Happiness Doll
June Summer Solstice – Travnitsa maslenitsa doll
August 15 – Zernushka Krupenichka

Autumn
October Autumn – Ten-Handle, Philippovka,
November 27 – Filippovka

Winter
December Winter Solstice – Spiridon-Solstice
January – Orthodox Christmas
February – Shrovetide or Maslenitsa

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Phoenix’s Mol’farka and Whisperer Talisman Doll.

Here are the main rules by which Ancient Slavic dolls are made into talisman, amulet and charms: In order for a simple motanka doll to create magic, it is required to fulfill a variety of conditions. For example, the use of sharp cutting tools, such as a knife and scissors, are not allowed. The fabric for the doll should literally be from the shoulder of a persons only clothing, be imbued with her spirit and strength, and the necessary intentions were read into the doll during the making…

  1. The master or skilled worker must have excellent health and mood at the time of making a charm doll; 
  2. It is advisable to enter the “state of Kudes” (half-trance state).
  3. The preferred time for making a doll is the growing moon (from new moon to full moon) to attract something, the waning moon – to cleanse the negative.
  4. On holidays or weekends it is better not to make folk dolls.
  5. Make the dolls on the knees, the symbolism of the “giving birth” woman-creator with a doll on her lap.
  6. If the doll is a Motanka, then it is prohibited to use needles, scissors, pins or other piercing and cutting objects. Only string and textile.
  7. The number of connected knots must be even. When tying on each knot, a desire or conspiracy is implied. Usually three turns around the cloth and three knots.
  8. Natural dolls are made from branches or cloth as the base of the doll underneath her dress. Use only natural materials in the creation of Oberezhnyh or Motanka  dolls. Synthetic fabrics and threads are not suitable.

Our ancestors had no televisions, no Internet, cell phones, no offices, no airports… all life was built on the cycles of nature, living with nature, and merging into one with the conditions of the flow of agricultural activity. Rituals were made for various events, such as the new harvest, the departure of winter – some doll are burned as a symbol of purification, and some for the end of a season.

Dolls could be filled with harvest seeds, flax, flower seeds, and put in a prominent places  in order to attract wealth to the house. The pupae were very different, not only from the fabric and from the clay which they were made, but were made from straw, and even from the ashes.

Slavic Folk Dolls for centuries has served as a faithful assistant to all genera. She taught, guarded, healed, helped us to know ourselves, our capabilities, to develop and improve, to achieve our dream. The creation of dolls is older than a few centuries, it has roots deep in ancient prehistoric times.

Excavations and ethnographic which rarely show women in the public sector, have at least essays that show us how far back our ancestral wisdom in cloth, clay and stone effigies, which we now call folk dolls. With the help of these dolls, ancient grandmothers helped their clan to build up their own destiny, to play family and life situations in these dolls as children. As they matured into teens and young women, the example of the strength, power and creativity was started earlier in the dolls.

The cycle of making dolls began from childhood and went to old age, accompanying its owner throughout life. They “fit” their dreams, desires, events and love into the talisman making practice. In Russian folk tales they also brought to us figurative knowledge about doll assistants, that a simple motanka doll can create magic (fairy tales of Baba Jaga and her understudy Vasilisa the Beautiful teaching the maiden how to be cautious about the underworld.

Today in the modern world, the history of the national doll has been preserved and has found its rebirth. The doll began to be used in such a modern direction as art therapy, because it is akin to the best healing or medicine women, who shows us our problem areas and helps them to begin to un-structure or let go of our issues through the dolls, especially when burning them, the ultimate fire purification of letting go. The doll is also preserved in the folk craft work of women, transforming and still performing its invariable functions of assistant and caretaker.

For many years, finding different sources of information, communicating and practicing the creation of a Slavic doll, I was looking for the essence. After all, the world of the coastal doll is so diverse in different regions and countries, but they all have the same essence of the correct creation of the included and attuned doll.

27 Beregins, which will help you in all areas of your life. 27 is a sacred number, 27 basic female incarnations in our world are currently being realized and the age 27 is when we leave maiden and enter adult womanhood. First saturn return in Astrology. In antiquity, when a woman’s integrity in life was violated, she went to the Grandmother and she helped to build a situation with the help of a magic symbol, since Slavic symbols have their own informational structure that is ancient and carry a certain energetic correct structure, the help of divine design of ancient women comes into play.

Times change, and true legends are preserved and multiplied in the modern world, we so need help in filling and structuring our life energy and our destiny.  One example is Berehini, a motanka doll and turn it on, for example, to fulfill a desire for health and well being. To accomplish this, the principle of making a doll of a kuvadka as a basis (in ancient times there was a protective rite of the Kuvada, from which the obregnaya doll was called the kuvadka.

We will need: fabric, thread, braid, scissors (we will only make cuts on the fabric at the break), paint on the fabric with a brush or floss with an embroidery needle (we can embroider the character on the apron or paint it on the fabric ).  We also take the rules for ourselves: We make a doll during daylight hours, we can take fabrics from our own clothes, we take all materials of natural composition, we don’t use scissors and needles when we construct the doll’s body (we tear fabrics and threads), we make an odd number of thread turns and an odd number of knots, we create in one sitting in a state of harmony and joy, the measure of the doll looks at your hand.

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Phoenix’s Well Being Talisman Doll for her Daughter.

HOW TO COMPLETE THE JOURNEY WITH YOUR DOLL…
When parting with a doll that brought a lot of love, joy and good luck, you need to remember about these rules when you are ready to let her go…

Mentally, you need to be thankful for your doll;
Carefully and slowly let go of all the elements, shreds, threads;
Sharp objects cannot be used when disassembling the doll;
Threads and shreds are burned;
Do not use things from the doll or recycle it;
The rest of the doll is burned with gratitude;
Ashes need to dispel the wind (outside).

WHY DOES THE SLAVIC DOLL HAVE NO FACE?
Traditional rag dolls and motanka were faceless. The doll as a rule, was not designated nor designed as a particular person in mind, and the faces remained white or a lighter material color. A doll without a face was considered to be a sacred inanimate object, inaccessible for infusing evil, spells or unkind forces into it, and therefore its harmless to people or a child.

The dolls are intended to bring only well-being, health, abundance and joy to the adult or to the child. The character of the doll was transmitted from several cloths, without arms, without legs, without a designed face, and yet represent the characters of any mother or  woman. 

In ancient times, dolls had a different purpose, it was only made as a protected from diseases, misfortunes, evil spirits and for those who are healers, medicine women or shaman women, they make the dolls as the ancients did. The doll took care of the person, and it was called a Talisman. As a rule, the most protective were dolls made without needles and scissors and most traditional Slavic folk dolls are made this way. They tried not to cut the fabric during the manufacture of dolls, but to tear the material (sometimes they called this type of doll, a “rvanki”).

On Shrovetide week, mid February in Russia, such a doll was hung outside the window. It was a sign that the mother-in-law was waiting for her son-in-law and daughter to visit with the celebratory pancakes. Most often, these dolls were made of straw, the face was covered with linen fabric and dressed in a traditional outfit.

TYPES OF DIFFERENT CHARM, RAG AND FOLK DOLLS

Most Popular Dolls:
For Health – “Kubyshka-Travnitsa” 
For a Family – “Nerazluchniki” 
For Women’s Happiness – “Happiness Doll”, “Zhelannitsa” 
For Marriage – “Manilka”, “Bride” 
For Motherhood – “Pregnancy,” “Fatty-Kostromushka”, “Mammy” 
Protection, the house  – “Keeper home”, “Ryabinka “,”Little bit” 
For a Man -” Spiridon-Solstice “,” Sunny Horse”

GIFTING DOLLS?
When the doll charm is made as a gift, it is just as necessary to fill it with the lightest thoughts and good wishes. Moreover, it is desirable to present, as the good that you desire, the future owner of the doll will hold that for the person. Slavs believed that for harmony you need to compensate for an empty space. So, the creator of the amulet put a part of herself in the doll, it turns out, she gave something to herself also, when giving. This means that the person who accepts the amulet must give something in return to that person that made it.

3 Bell Doll – The Folk Doll good news, the birthplace is Valdai is where the Valdai bells are.  There is also a Matryoshka Bell Doll. This is a very ancient doll and the ringing of the bell protects people from dangerous of plague and other terrible diseases and evil spirits which causes these terrible diseases in larger numbers (rather than personal karma).

The bell rang at many festivals, and even the more shamanic festivals where one dresses in animal skins and has large bells attached to the waist to clear out shadows in the village. The Bell Doll has three overlaying skirts that symbolize copper, silver, gold. Happiness also consists of three parts, a healthy body, the joy of the soul and emotional body, and a calm mind, then the person is quite happy.

This doll is also cheerful, playful, and brings joy and fun to the house. Preserve a good mood. Giving the Bell, a person wishes his friend to receive only good news and supports in him a joyful and cheerful mood. Maidens made this doll for when she grows up. Putting it on the window, and the young men knew she was open to a matchmaker.

Pregnancy Doll
The Novgorod Russian women had the folk pregnant doll which was considered a very good talisman for early motherhood. Moreover, this talisman helped not only one to conceive , but also easier to transfer pregnancy, childbirth, averted illness and the evil eye. A distinctive feature of this doll is her belly, in which Pelenashka stirred. A pelenaska was wrapped in a kind of birch bark.

Slavic Folk Doll of Pregnancy.jpg

Pelanashek – Mother and Family Charm Doll with Pelenashek (babies)

In Russia and other places, large families always enjoyed great respect. And they met often enough, because the girls were getting married at an early age. But all the members of the family could stand on their feet only when everything was all right in it , therefore charms were made. The adult doll was made according to the principle of making Stolbushka, that is, the basis was a small log or a twist of cloth . As for the robes, there are no restrictions, but the scarf must have been present.

Family Charm Folk Doll, Slavic

Bereginya Mokosh Hearth Doll
Bereginya is one of the Great Slavic Goddesses or Supreme Goddess (how male pagans address their gods). She created all things, even the goddess and is basically a combination of  “Hearth Fire Mother,” associated with the guardianship, which is a trait of Mokosh, and the Sea Goddess (Rusalka was a demotion of the Sea Goddess, like all sea and ocean goddesses were). She is more appropriate then, as the Mother Ocean Goddess where all life is born and all life shall return.

Older traditions say that Bereginya is a Spirit, and because the Oceans cover 75% of the planet, Spirit is more appropriate. She is from the great realm of protection in spirit form, who later became a Goddess. If we take her to be a spirit, then she is much greater in Ukrainian folklore, she was a Great Spirit or Creator.

Bereginya rules over water (thus emotional energy, and the soul), and is a protector of the family, and a protector of women – which is another trait of Mokošh. Something similar can be found among South Slavs. Ukrainian independence in 1991, she has undergone a folkloric metamorphosis, and is today identified as a combination of the “hearth-mother” (associated with the guardianship) and a Rusalka.

Bereginya Hearth Doll 2
Bereginya Mokosh – Hearth Doll

Bereginya is from the word “protect”, “charm” and since ancient times it was believed that the column keeps the house from the evil eye. This is a rag doll without eyes and ears. She does not see or hear anything; it was believed that when she acquired facial features, such a doll becomes independent and loses its magical and protective properties. The hostess – the Prosperous is a small and very cute doll. Such a doll was given with wishes of wealth and prosperity.

Severnaya Bereginya (literally, Northern Safeguard Deity) which is a true exercise in colour matching. It’s essentially a tightly rolled up linen (the head) that is sort of wrapped in layers of coloured cloth.Bereginya (Severnaya) Doll from the North, a Safeguard Deity –  This doll’s face should be white or the color of burlap. She is traditionally placed in front of the front door, sitting higher above the head of people, so that it meets all the incoming and does not let the evil forces into the house. It is a talisman doll for protecting the family from dark forces, quarrels, diseases.

Despite the simplicity of the technology of making traditional dolls, each one turns out to be different, with their own character, so you need to choose from several dolls what works best for you. A soulful gift is a wish for good, joy, comfort, well-being, happiness when you gift this doll as a gift. 

Bird Doll (Joy)
“Bird Joy” – a doll of the spring ceremony, associated with the arrival of spring. There was in the province of Tula, the rite was held in March. Married women participated – they were the main participants in the ceremony, but girls could also participate. Women dressed in bright, elegant clothes. Especially decorated headdresses in the form of birds. Decorated with feathers, fur edges. Women themselves took the images of birds. There is also the Soroka Magpie spring bird doll, see below.

Bogatstvo (wealth) Кукла (doll) – This is an abundance doll and not just money, she is a multi-component composition of wealth, which is a healthy family and or children, shelter from the storm and respect. A lot of children who made these dolls, tied her to the body of the main doll-Mother by a belt. It means that in a house where there are many who work together, there will always be prosperity.

Unlike most ceremonial dolls, Bogatstvo is never burned when her time is done, but kept in a house somewhere higher on a cupboard, on a shelf, without letting anyone else touch her. According to folk beliefs, such a doll helps to realize the desire to have a healthy relationship or partnership or marriage, and if one so desires, a healthy child. This doll also symbolizes the affects of the relationship between children and parents.

Changeling, Pinwheel
It can be called a doll because it contains 2 heads, 4 arms, 2 skirts. The secret is that when one part of the doll is visible, for example, its a girl, then you turn the skirt and a woman is hidden under the skirt; if you turn the doll, the woman will open, and the girl will disappear.  She looks more into herself and protects her home.

Comforter Doll 
The Comforter doll was in stock, not in plain sight, it was delivered only as an ambulance in case of illness (or whims) to distract the baby. The Comforter was made of the brightest fabrics, candy was hung on the arms and on the belt. While the child is sick and inconsolable, the doll was with him. When calm, the doll was removed until the next time behind the stove, perhaps for an image.

devka-baba.jpgDevka Baba Doll
Reflects the two essences of a woman: she can be open to the world and give beauty and joy, and she can be turned towards herself, to take care of being at peace. For women who are pregnant, it can be the one open to the world, or the one focused internally to take care of herself and her unborn child.

In many Russian fairy tales there are pupae, which the characters trusting their sorrows and joys, sharing their thoughts. And small helpers do not leave their masters in trouble.

Day and Night Doll
Traditionally older goddesses were sisters in many cultures and so too the Slavic, Balkan and Baltic people. The Sun Goddess and her sister the Moon Goddess, these are older or earlier goddess cultures before paganism.

Day and Night Russian DollIn the southern provinces of Russia this doll is a guardian of our dreams at night and our walk in the day. She is literally called “Day and Night”. As a rule, this is done for the New Years, and the doll has both dark and light tones which is on the Spring Equinox.

In the doll, the light fabric symbolized the day, and the darker cloth symbolizes the night. Early in the morning, every day the family members turned it, in accordance with the day time. Bright side for a day, and in the evening, or night – dark side. They said: “The day has passed, and thanks, so let the night pass.”

Desyatyruchka Doll
A doll designed for a young woman (who recently married). Often given to the bride for her wedding, it meant she could do everything, and everything went well in the family. Traditionally, made from grass and straw and beautifully decorated, this doll decorated a prominent place in the room where the woman spent her time working.

The doll was burned usually at the spring equinox and it wasn’t a long term doll, for it could be made many times with the emotional, physical and spiritual growth of the woman.

Grove Doll
A symbol and family perseverance, unity of united clans, where roots are ancestors, and branches are a new family and its descendants find harmony. Previously, this doll was used in the decoration of a wedding loaf, in the center there was a stuck birch slingshot decorated with pupae. Like other Magical wedding attributes, a wedding loaf robe had a deep symbolic meaning – it is a figuratively growing tree from the earth, and the young will need to cultivate the earth – life, raise the harvest – children.

The doll is made on the spear, the meaning of which is also symbolic: this merger putting together two destinies, two genera, which are now becoming one, stronger than two separate twigs. The basis of the doll is made of dried birch and do not remove bark. Rohatin gently break out without using a knife.

Grace – Slavic guard doll
The doll “Grace” is made and presented with the words: “Do not be sad, do not be depressed, do not give up.” Doll from the blues; the wish of well-being and healthy children – this is indicated by the big breasts. This doll is made for health and the “good of the giver”, it helps to understand what is good for us and see it for ourselves in a changing world.

Doll of happinessHappiness Doll
Pupa Happiness is a folk doll charm. This little girl with a very long braid and handles raised to the Sun. The doll’s spit is thick – health and long life. The doll stands firmly on its feet, leaning on the braid. This speaks of her strong support in life and the happiness she brings to her master. Spit, as a symbol of femininity and feminine power, symbolizes health, wealth, beauty and long life.

The main power of this doll is her Hair and her long Braid. Whether the happiness doll is done with straw, twine or textiles, small or large, she must include the very long braid, which is the feminine power.

The twists up and serves as a support for the doll, making it stable. Few traditional folk dolls can stand alone. The doll for good luck has peculiar best if worn shoes that help it on the way to search for your happiness, because the path is long. In the house, where they very much expect and wish for a child, there was this doll.

They put her in a bedroom in a prominent place. The task of this Talisman was to return fertility to a woman. It was believed that the doll has the ability to lure the soul of a child with its long braid. A doll should show a rich, rich life, should be dressed smartly. Her legs are very thin, always in shoes, hands in mittens, body – plump.

The obligatory part in this doll (actually, why it is called the “female essence”) is the hole left below. From which the filler sticks out – mochnashka. On the apron is embroidered Rozhanitsa Lada, giving birth to Lelya. In addition, the sign Ogniyvitsa, which burns women’s diseases, the Vseslavets symbolizing a strong family, symbols of the Sowed Field, crosses of the Moraine, symbolizing the Transition was used.

Travnitsu charm
Travnitsu charm doll

Travnitsa, Krupenichka, Zolnitsa Doll (charms) – There are many names for this short and stocky folk doll: Zernushka, Zernovushka, Krupenichka, Sweetpea, Pea and Goroshinka. Also known as the Krupenichka Tenderness of Dawn, a Russian talisman folk doll, sometimes called a charm doll is a doll that is for prosperity in the family (the household).

Krupenichka DollTraditionally this doll is filled with buckwheat grains, flax or wheat and she is the main family doll. The first handfuls when sowing grain were taken from a bag sewn in the image of this pupa. The grain in it symbolized the saved forces of the Earth Nurse. After the harvest, the pupae were again filled with the selected grain of the new crop.

She was dressed up and carefully kept in a prominent place in a red corner. They believed that only then the next year will be full and there will be prosperity in the family.

Zernushka 0In the hungry times, they took the cereal from the pupa and cooked porridge from it. It was believed that this porridge conveys the strength of Mother Earth. The guest entering the hut could determine by the dolly whether the family lives in a satisfying way. If the doll was thin, then the family is in trouble. Today this doll will help you to have prosperity in the house.

So that the air in the hut was clean, they made a useful doll, “Kubyshku-Travnitsa”. They hung it where the air was stagnant or above the cradle of a child. This doll is filled with fragrant medicinal herb. The pupa must be dented in the hands, moved, and a herbal spirit will spread around the room, which will drive away the spirits of the disease. After 2 years, the grass in the pupa must be changed. That is what our ancestors did.

Herb-and-wildflower-dollSometimes these are made as natural Herb doll and some are made from textiles. The Doll keeps the air in the house was clean, produced by useful herbs. Hung in the air over the cradle of the child, this doll filled with scented medicinal grass, spread a herbal spirit. It drove away the spirits of disease. After 2 years, they changed the grass in the doll. That’s what our ancestors did.

Kubyshka-Travnitsa also prevents diseases as a talisman, from penetrating into the house. Besides, it gave off warmth, as from a caring hostess. Also, a protector from evil spirits of illness, and good comfort maker.still makes sure that the disease does not penetrate into the house. From her emanates warmth, as from a caring mistress, she is a protector from the evil spirits of the diseases, and brings good comforter. Happiness, peace and harmony among family members will settle in the house when she is there. 

Kolyada-dollKolyada & Kolyadnik Doll
This is a winter doll, a Hearth Fire Doll. During Christmas, the celebration of Folk Sining (Kolyada) is a part of this doll symbol, a symbol of the warmth of the  Sun and good relations in the family. She was a portly woman dressed in everything new and elegant. On her behalf women, they sing a joyful song.

In some places, folk songs ended near a fire with wishes of good blessings to themselves and their loved ones.  She can be made of textiles, straw or wood as the base underneath. There bread and salt in the bags that hang from the Doll’s belt.

A broom can be stuck behind the belt, with which Kolyada drives away evil forces. The sign of the young Sun, means the beginning, the potential that must be revealed. It can be a Talisman for children, it gives health, luck, spiritual and physical growth, reveals the ability. This doll is also made for women. It has the function of cleansing the female soul, remove sorrow and sadness, as well as to pacify the dark sides of the soul, such as anger, envy and dissatisfaction.

This Charm helps the woman to find and define her inner essence, her mission, harmonizes the inner the state of the hostess (this charm is especially good during the period of mental torments, connected with the search for inner harmony / sensual, love sphere). With the same broom you can sweep the evil out of the house (illnesses, evil eyes, negative energy) and “sweeping good into the house (prosperity, success, health).” Together with the charm there is a special basket, in which there are 3 sacks: red, white and yellow:

Red bag is filled with fragrant herbs. Carries the function of caring for the physical health of its hostess (gives you good health, vigor and strength).

Yellow bag – filled with grain. Designed to take care of the material well-being of the mistress (a house in abundance).

White bag – filled with salt. This pouch is special. To take care of the mental state of the hostess of the Amulet (to harmonize the inner state of the woman), secondly, this bag has a protective function (removal of unkind thoughts aimed at the hostess of the amulet), thirdly – the bag helps to get rid of sadness, pain and sadness (takes away the pain of loss, offense, quarrels and disputes).

Depending on what a woman wanted during a certain period (spiritual harmony, physical health or material well-being) – she took one of the bags in her hands and held for several minutes (they say sometimes it was possible to put some of the bags into bed and sleep together, especially when it was necessary to health or was suspected of damage or the evil eye.)

Fat-Kostromushka Doll (Female essence)
A guardian against loneliness as the doll’s task was to return fertility and joy to a woman, or to lure the soul of the child forth. If within a year after marriage a woman did not become pregnant, they would make this doll and put it on a prominent place on the side of the door. Awl was her female relative: a sister, godmother, mother or grandmother.

The fat girl Kostromushka carried the image of a girl who combined several ages at the same time: 8–9 years old (a nanny girl), 10–12 years old (teenage girl). From the nurse with puffy cheeks, the figure, and from the teenager forming breast. On the one hand, she knows how to drive, on the other hand, she can be an adviser to her younger sisters and brothers. She says: “Everything is good with me, only a brother or sister is not enough for me!”

Today, few people know the rite of “Kuvada”. In the middle of the 19th century it, like a half-worn trail of dense old, still existed in the Oryol and Kostroma provinces. These ceremonies are called “Kuvada”: a basket with eggs was set up in the waiting room. The man sat on a basket, pretending that he was hatching eggs (according to beliefs, the egg was the primary basis of life).

Loud furious screams, imitating the cries of the woman in labor, the man lured the evil spirits into a waiting room. So that the deceived and angry spirits did not return to the woman in labor, ritual dolls were hung in the dressing room. They believed that these inanimate images of the first people caught my eye and evil spirits infused themselves. The baby itself was hidden  and a man was put under a ripe doll. After giving birth, the dolls were burned during the purification rite.

Magic tried to provide and conceive a child. Thus, in some localities during the wedding, after the bride moved to the groom’s house, a swaddled doll was laid on the knees of the newlywed bride. It was believed that after this a maternal force came to the young wife.  Another name for the doll is “The Seventh I” (family).

The doll has six children tied to a belt or fastened with a belt. The history of the doll goes back to the time of the formation of the Moscow principality, which acquired new lands. Moscow is a mother, a new principality is a new child. In the doll, this historical process focused on the number 6. This doll is a symbol of motherly care and love.

Kolyadnik Doll
The sign of the young Sun, means the beginning, the beginning, the potential that must be revealed. It is a Talisman for male children – for boys and young men, It gives health, luck, spiritual and physical growth, reveals the ability. This doll is also made for women. It has the function of cleansing the female soul, remove sorrow and sadness, as well as to pacify the dark sides of the soul, such as anger, envy and dissatisfaction.

This Charm helps the woman to find and define her inner essence, her mission, harmonizes the inner the state of the hostess (this charm is especially good during the period of mental torments, connected with the search for inner harmony / sensual, love sphere). With the same broom you can sweep the evil out of the house (illnesses, evil eyes, negative energy) and “sweeping good into the house (prosperity, success, health).” Together with the charm there is a special basket, in which there are 3 sacks: red, white and yellow:

Red bag is filled with fragrant herbs. Carries the function of caring for the physical health of its hostess (gives you good health, vigor and strength).

Yellow bag – filled with grain. Designed to take care of the material well-being of the mistress (a house in abundance).

White bag – filled with salt. This pouch is special. To take care of the mental state of the hostess of the Amulet (to harmonize the inner state of the woman), secondly, this bag has a protective function (removal of unkind thoughts aimed at the hostess of the amulet), thirdly – the bag helps to get rid of sadness, pain and sadness (takes away the pain of loss, offense, quarrels and disputes).

Depending on what a woman wanted during a certain period (spiritual harmony, physical health or material well-being) – she took one of the bags in her hands and held for several minutes (they say sometimes it was possible to put some of the bags into bed and sleep together, especially when it was necessary to health or was suspected of damage or the evil eye.)

Kupavka – Slavic ritual healing doll
Kupavka personified the beginning of swimming season, summer. This is a doll of the holidays Agrafena Kupalnitsy and Ivan Kupala. The kupavka is a healing and ritual doll, a doll of one day. Kupavka made on birch branches with ribbons – ribbon on the hands. Ribbon tied illness, illness, ailments that have happened to the owners for the year. The doll was lowered into the water and the doll, floating away, carried off with it illnesses and adversities. Water had a great cleansing power.

Kuvadki – Slavic amulet doll
In ancient times, there was a rite of “Kuvada”, the magic of which was associated with the mystery of having a child. In some provinces, two weeks before the child was born, the expectant mother would place such a doll — a charm in the cradle so that the mug would heat the cradle for the infant. When the parents went to the field to work, and the child remained alone in the house, he looked at these little dolls and calmly played. As a rule, these toys were small in size and all different colors, it developed the infant’s vision.

13 Lunar Sister Dolls (Лунные куклы Likhomanki Doll – Autumn Shamanic Doll
As a shaman I do not turn women or grandmothers into evil things as Christians did from our recent and ancient past. I use my Maslenitsa / Moren / Marzanna effigy in the Winter Months to catch evil souls that roam free out of body of their incarnated human. These dolls used to be to entrap shadowy spirits that roam the home on occasion once grandmothers lost the rites of Kukeri and other Village cleansing rituals that are performed in front of everyone.

So I revered the meaning of these grandmother dolls with a good intention to protect. Charms and Talisman for eons of woman’s shamanic cultures were made out of clay like the Venus of Willendorf and the thousands of others around the world. These folk cloth dolls must have the right intentions for them  to assist and work for us against darkness and evil.

In late autumn in every house there is 13 dolls called Likhomanki and according to legends, these fight the evil demons of diseases. The evil Chernobog, who once created feverish marshes of swampy mud and rubbish sent diseases to people. Just like Chernobyl which is now an evil swamp from the evil nuclear plant.

In Slavic mythology that in the summer the warrior Perun drove the evil fever into the fiery depths, and therefore they were not dangerous nor would evil men rise to hurt the people. With the onset of winter, when Perun fell asleep, Chernobog reinstated him self, letting the diseases (demons) go free. As the day began to decrease and give the night its time, so in each hut there appeared 13 Sister dolls capable of protecting the family from illnesses and misfortunes of roaming souls that were evil.

13 Sister’s Names: 1st Moon of Spring, 2nd Moon of Spring, 3rd Moon of Spring, 1st Moon of Summer, 2nd Moon of Summer, 3rd Moon of Summer, 1st Moon of Autumn, 2nd Moon of Autumn, 3rd Moon of Autumn, 1st Moon of Winter, 2nd Moon of Winter, 3rd Moon of Winter and the eldest sister 13th Moon of Winter.  These Moon sisters could walk on the grounds, either all together or alone, could fly into a house at night through a chimney or window and call out a sleeping person.

Each doll process must be given a name of their particular moon cycle, when making a doll with a certain protecting quality, you need to mentally imagine the disease from which she will protect you from. In the old days for each doll it was read out loud and then a blessing when all 13 were together headed by the 13th and eldest moon. They were fastened on a ribbon or rope, or tied to a long stick in the form of a garland. They are hung near the fireplace chimney, (or the front door) from where, it seemed, evil feral men could fly into the home.

Place them closer to the place where, in your opinion, it is easiest for sick soul’s could get into your house (window, ventilation hood, etc.). Let them flaunt there until spring and do not let the disease into your home! Fastened all the dolls with a garland on a grape branch (it bends well).

From the Christian beliefs to later times men were very disrespectful to Folk Healer Grandmothers and Shaman Grandmothers to project the village from evil. So I make the moon dolls as part of my honoring of medicine women, folk healer and shaman grandmothers of ancient times, I honor them with the 13 Sister Dolls.

You can make the dolls from wood chips or a sticks, wrapping them in bright cloth, symbolizing the face and waist, and then dressed up, more beautiful, brighter. The sticks inside each doll and a minimum of clothes are apparently an unspoken condition for the convenience of quickly burning these dolls in the spring with your Marzanna or Maslenitsa effigy.

Traditional rag dolls Likhomanki dolls are special and different than all the other folk doll. This doll is a doll that traps unwanted spirits and roaming dark souls in the home or near your bed when you dream, if you feel things or have scary dreams. It is a kind of trap for evil spirits. These 13 doll’s role is to attract the attention of the villain disease carrying souls that belong to living people. Much of the Autumn and Winter ceremonies were and still are done to clear the village on the outside of the home works the same way. Once a shadow is inside your home, it was invited in, or belongs to one of the shadows of the people living there.

Likhomanki , Fever, Triassic talisman dollsI would suggest to also hang a bell on the her waste, as bells also clear shadows. Those who have flown into the house, the grandmothers believed that these evil spirit of diseases (addictions, sex addictions, power addictions, control addictions, hateful person’s living souls) would fly into the house in search of its most innocent victim, usually children, or empaths, sensitives or those who could see.

She is as bright well-dressed dolls to attach and catch or warn the dark soul and move into one of them. Therefore, Likhomanok dolls are made of very bright, very eye-catching fabrics that are joyful looking because light attracts dark.

13 Sister Dolls Materials: 1. one or several smaller sticks tied together, 15 cm long and one, the eldest 13 moon sister should be a little taller (complete set: 12 + 1 stick); 2 flap of stitched cotton to give volume to the body of the doll, because I have a wand in diameter of only 0.5 cm (if you have a wand of a larger diameter, then you can take a thin winding cloth); 3 square white cotton fabric for the head – 12×12 cm;  4 cotton fabric colored for a sundress – 15×15 cm; 5 a strip of colored cotton for ochelya (part of the headdress) – 2×15 cm;  6 colored cotton fabric for a scarf – 15×15 cm; 7 colored cotton fabric for apron – 6×8 cm; 8 tapes for a belt and a bell;  9 strings “iris”;  10 scissors.

Little Birch and Sunny Horse Doll
As is well known, a broom has always been considered a talisman against evil forces and even Baba Yaga is beloved. That is why the broom is successfully used in the rites of purification of the house. The little sushi are one of the few ancient wards that have many meanings and are used for different occasions. The first and most necessary guard in any house: Broomstick for cleansing the house. The guard is made on a reduced broomstick.

The protective properties of the broom, its ability to counteract the evil forces are associated with its utilitarian function of cleansing, eliminating evil. When the mistress of the house decided that the house was “clogged” with negative (quarrels, evil eyes, damage, illness, sins, bad deeds and thoughts of residents and guests who somehow got into their own lair during this time), she took a clockwork the arrow, moving from the edges to the center, swept away the “garbage” -negative in one pile (on a rag or piece of paper).

After that, a rag or piece of paper was collected in a ball and thrown away or burned. Usually the purification rite is performed on a decreasing moon (ideally, before the new moon). Before the rite in the house it was necessary to get out. After the ceremony, you can walk around the house with a lit candle (especially carefully in all corners).

It is especially good to have such a guardian in the office, especially in those groups where disputes and quarrels between employees often occur where negative energy is felt. After the house / office cleansing ritual, the atmosphere is immediately discharged, it becomes easier to breathe and the relations between the family / team members also become harmonious.

The rite can be held every month – then in the house / office will not accumulate negative energy. Usually the purification rite is performed on a decreasing moon (ideally, before the new moon). Before the rite in the house it was necessary to get out. After the ceremony, you can walk around the house with a lit candle (especially carefully in all corners).

It is especially good to have such a guardian in the office, especially in those groups where disputes and quarrels between employees often occur where negative energy is felt. After the house / office cleansing ritual, the atmosphere is immediately discharged, it becomes easier to breathe and the relations between the family / team members also become harmonious.

Horse Doll
A horse is a friend and companion of a person in life. He is the conductor of human souls to this world. In ancient times, much in people’s lives depended on the horse. Neither a sowing campaign, nor a trip, nor a wedding could do without this animal. Everywhere a man was accompanied by a faithful horse. Since that time, the phrase “to be on horseback”, meaning success and luck, has been preserved. Settle a solar horse in your home, and it will bring happiness and good luck.

Martinichki (Slavic Spring Ritual Doll)
The martinics are two pupae strung together, twisted of threads — white and red, male and female. Red and white – personify the ardent power of life and the will of the gods for this life. United male and female figurines of different colors – the unity of the two, the Slavic analogue of Yin-Yang. The name Martinichki already indicates that this doll was made in March. She “called out” Spring, brought her beginning, celebrated and rejoiced in her arrival.

Mansi Doll (North people)
The Mansi are an indigenous people living in Khanty–Mansia, an autonomous okrug within the Tyumen Oblast in Russia. In Khanty–Mansia, the Khanty and Mansi languages have co-official status with Russian. The Mansi language is one of the postulated Ugric languages of the Uralic family. Their dolls use the round rolled up face. In the photo below, Russian artist Marina Alexandrovna Mishina from Yekaterinburg became fascinated with traditional folk dolls of many indigenous and Russian folk dolls, these dolls are her artwork.

Mansi dolls (North people). Patchwork dolls by Russian artist of applied art Marina

Maslenitsa Doll or Shrovetide
An obligatory attribute of this holiday. The ritual doll Shrovetide was made of straw or bast, but it was obligatory to use wood, personifying the lush force of nature. On the hands of the doll hung ribbons, tying which make a wish. Charms for children are sometimes very necessary. Children, especially small ones, are very sensitive to the effects of someone else’s biofield. Therefore, what we call the evil eye often happens to them.

Often, after talking with people, friends or strangers, the child begins to cry, act up, sleep badly. To protect the child from the evil eye and from any other bad influence there are amulets for children. Many charms for children have long been known. So, our ancestors put a doll in the cradle of the child. It is believed that it is better if this doll is made by hand. Then the guests admiring the baby, bending over his bed, will not be able to harm him in any way. After all, the doll will take all the negative on yourself.

maslenitsa-1.jpg
Maslenitsa Folk Doll
Maslenitsa is a very ancient Slavic holiday inherited from the pagan culture, preserved after the adoption of Christianity. Much like Marzanna Dolls made of straw and dressed in traditional folk dress. These dolls have an older and more ancient ritual that is connected to shamanism cultures before pagan eras.  Maslenitsa was perceived by the Christian church as a religious holiday and was called Cheese or Cheese Week, Pancake Week and Shrovetide. But this did not change its internal essence.

Maslenitsa falls on the week preceding Lent. Therefore, at this time, a person devotes his soul on the eve of a difficult and long Lent. Maslenitsa is, above all, plentiful and nourishing food. Therefore, there is nothing wrong with this, at this time to feast on, try a variety of dishes and not deny yourself anything. In traditional life, it was always believed that a person who had a bad and boring carnival week would be unsuccessful throughout the year.

Unrestrained Maslenitsa gluttony and fun are seen as the magical forerunner of future well-being, prosperity and success in all business, home and business endeavors. Even pancakes, an indispensable attribute of carnival, had a ritual meaning: round, ruddy, hot, they were a symbol of the sun, which grew brighter and brighter, extending the days. Centuries passed, life changed, with the adoption of Christianity in Russia, new church holidays appeared, but the broad carnival continued to live. She was greeted and accompanied with the same uncontrollable boldness as in pagan times.

Moskowka (Slavic Guard Doll)
The Moskovka doll is a charm of a strong friendly family. She was kept in a house somewhere higher — on a closet, on a shelf, and not given to anyone else’s hands.
The basis of the doll is a birch log or “rolling pin” made of cloth – a symbol of masculine power in a female, and she herself is the archetype of the mother and symbolizes motherly care and love. If a woman could not give birth in a family, then a doll was made. Moskovka, in order to help her to bring and embody in her family the spirit of happy motherhood and fatherhood.  According to popular belief, this doll helps to realize the desire to have a healthy child or children, and also protects good family relationships.

Aurora Lebedeva.jpgMotanka Doll
This is the most famous of all Ukraine folk dolls. According to historians, Motanka dolls appeared in Ukraine several thousand years ago, dating back to ancient Trypillia times . Our ancestors believed that natural threads and materials used to create these dolls are magical and protect the family from evil spirits.

Motanka doll is faceless; the cross symbolizes the unity of heaven and earth, four cardinal points, four seasons, and the sun. The doll is a Talisman, so it cannot have a human appearance, because protects its owner(s), and brings fertility to the homestead.

These dolls are made of the natural materials such as hay, straw, wood, herbs, dry leaves, grains, seeds and are filled with fragrant herbs and decorated with traditional ornaments and embroidery. Today, Motanka dolls have became a popular gift idea for various holidays and weddings, baby showers, engagements, and even funerals. The wedding Motanka doll helps brides turn away the evil eye. At the birth of a child, relatives often offer a Motanka doll that lies in the child’s bed in order to protect the newborn’s sleep and health.

doll Podoshnitsa Often the emphasis in the guard charm.jpg
Doll Podoshnitsa often is the emphasis in the guard charm

Nerazluchniki Doll 
Charm doll – lovebirds. The story of this doll is interesting. At first glance, these are male and female dolls, which seem to be just a couple holding hands. But, if you look closely, you can see that they have one hand and are made of a single piece of cloth or a wand, and therefore they cannot be separated. Such a hand was considered a symbol of unity and the fact that from now on they would literally go hand in hand, all affairs and misfortunes halving.

Oberezhnik Folk Doll
Oberezhnik is made of ribbons, aspen sticks, angel dolls, beads, leaves, and other various eye-catching little things. In Russia, it was important to attract the attention of a person entering the house with bright, diverse and brilliant pendants, in order to distract him from evil thoughts with which he could enter your home. Seeing such beauty, the person was distracted, lost and forgot all the bad and evil that was on her mind.

Podorozhnitsa Doll (plantain) 
This doll is a Charm and given to a man who is a family member and travelling far from home, hiding it in his clothes. Its name comes from Doroga, the road. Its also called Plantain, I am sure they mean the plant but its stated as “Plantain, small keeper”.

Its the faithful keeper of the road and is given to the one who loves to travel (not just a family member). She is a very short doll, and the bag will not make you heavy, but it will always remind you of home or an interesting trip. In her bag she carries either a handful of earth, or a little ash, and you can also add a piece of bread or grain to the traveler so that the traveler can be full.

Подорожница ДоллYou can write (or learn better)
as you know the word helps.
I will go out of the house for the gate,
In the direction of hunting.

From the path, the
road is not going away.

And I will not face trouble.
Evil away go around, and I will
find good everywhere.

Do not stumble, do not hurt myself,
I’ll be back to the house with luck!

Paraskeva
Doll Paraskeva is the deep Slavic vedichestve which was the female deity Makosh. This is one of the most powerful dolls of all slavic folk dolls. The goddess of destiny and all that is connected with one’s strength  and well-being. Now Paraskeva is treated as an assistant in all works of folk art and crafts. She is the keeper of small handicraft items and creativity. Its possible to impose pieces of braid, flagella, cords, buttons to sew and all the little things that can be useful in needlework when making this doll.

She is the mother of women’s handicrafts, folk art, and the goddess or patroness of women and women’s work or childbearing. In November there is a holiday, the day of Paraskeva, which honors St. Paraskeva in Russia and is revered as a woman’s patroness, and the patroness of folk craft.

wOGFyTXI5mE.jpg

Purification Doll (Slavic Guard Doll for Cleansing)
By tradition, the Purifying Doll eliminated the “bad” energy in the house. For example, after a family quarrel a woman threw open windows and doors, took a doll in her hands and, using her as a symbolic broom, swept all the negative away from the hut. Slavic doll, existed everywhere. The main thing (canonical) is the presence of a chest, legs and a protective cross in the lower part of the body.

Rvanka or Karelian Rvanka Doll
Even before the birth of the child, they made a doll and put it in a cradle so that the doll “warmed” it for the future baby. And when the baby was born, the doll stayed with him. In order the baby to sleep soundly and quietly, his mother would say: “Sleepy-insomnia, do not play with my baby, but play with this doll.”

Doll “Karelian” rvanka is both a talisman and a play doll for children. Information about her was from the village of Kindasovo from Lydia Alexandrovna, a resident of the Karelian village of Pryazha Yakovleva. The simplest dolls did not even require the use of a needle, the fabric was torn, therefore they were called “Torn dolls” by the people. These reflect the folk traditional dress of the South Karelians: A shirt, a skirt, a belt, and scarves.

For grown women, the doll distracted the evil spirits that lurked in villages, and also protecting mother’s children and babies. The Rag doll-Bereguinya were made by hands, the mother gave her daughter or even granddaughter one, before the wedding, blessing her and her marriage. And she gave it to her adult son, who went to travel or in the military and to her husband who traveled on the road. Of course, there were a lot of dolls in peasant families, treasured and treasures, they protected everyone. The peasants believed that the more dolls the family had, the more happiness in the family would come.

Simeon, Stylite (Slavonic Guardian)
This amulet is a symbol of the infinity of life, the masculine, without which the feminine is weak and fruitless. To protect and preserve his ROD, a man must stand firmly on the ground, be a pillar, a support for all weak and defenseless. Later, there was a tradition to give this amulet to Simeon the Stylites – to men, so that their forces would never run out. 
Simeon adds strength to men.

Spring or Easter Red Doll

Spring Rebirth Doll (or Easter Red Doll)
The bright season and the red color always symbolized life, life force, new beginnings and the celebration of rebirth. The work will require the following materials: flax of natural color or any dense light monochromatic fabric, birch bark, cotton fabric of red color, plain and patterned, linen thread, red thread (for example, “Lily”, “Iris”), some sheep wool and some cotton lace. The doll is spinning without the use of needles and scissors. Use scissors only if you need to make an incision on the fabric so that it is easier to tear and if you need to cut a strong thread.

Spiridon (Guardian ritual doll)
A pupa is a man’s and is presented to a man to help Spiridon-Solstice to the owner of the house to “steer” in his affairs. But he has another meaning: This doll was made to bring about the desired changes in life. Spiridon by turning the wheel can change life, sending it in the right direction. Also, this doll has established itself as a good talisman for motorists and their cars.

Soroka 5 2019.jpgSoroka (Magpie) Doll or Lark Day Doll (winter ends, spring begins)
The folk belief is, on this day, from warmer countries returns various birds, and the first of them is a Lark. Thats why we usually baked “lark bird bread,” with outspread wings, as if flying. Baked larks are put on long sticks and ran out outside with them, shouting:

Bring to winter sudden end,
Bring a warm Spring:
We are tired of winter
We’ve eaten all the bread!

On the Spring Equinox or the day after, you make the Doll Soroka (magpie, crow, raven). If you want, give the doll Soroka special strength. Take Soroka in your left hand so that your thumb and index fingers will lay under her wings and wiggle your hand as if Magpie jumps and flaps his wings. Expand her “face” and pronounce her on your behalf.

The water burns, you burn and I burn,
I burn you! A stone is burning,
you will burn, and I am burning,
I will burn you!

Though you are a water moon, though
you are windy, even though you are sent,
even though you are running, at least you’re
flying. Though you meet on the road,
all is at the threshold.

Even from the whirlwind,
even from the eyes, even from
the lessons, even from the
laughter, even from fear.

Even though you are masculine,
even though you are feminine
you are youthful, or even a maiden.
Even though you have been sent,
even though you have slept,
even from food, even from a dream,
even in crying. Even from walking,
even from the water, even from the wind.

Magpies, Crows and Ravens grab the
lessons Bears and Magpies over the
dark forests, through thick bushes.
Catch on the vine, roll on the grass,
jump in the water, pick it up on the hips. Amen!”

Now Forty Soroka will look after you.
It can only bring good news, but also
carry away unnecessary information
that you, like a virus, picked up somewhere.

Siuda Baba

Spiridon, Solntsevorot
The holiday of Spiridon is a holiday of both the winter and summer solstices, in honor of the emerging or departing sun. Traditionally, this doll was made at the winter solstice, when there is a “twist of the sun towards summer, winter for frost”. The mandatory attribute of this doll is the wheel of the symbol of the sun.

It is generally a male doll and the festival there were rituals dedicated to the sun. They rolled the wheel off the mountain and burned it along with other symbols of the sun, saying: “Wheel, burn, roll, with the red spring come back!”.

At the end of the holiday thee burned the doll without clothes, and clothes were for the next doll. In addition, people burned all old, having a round shape, as if the doll had to take everything old and worthless from people and free up the forces for a new life. Spiridon (means sunflower), by turning the wheel can completely change your life by directing it in the right direction.

Spiridon-Solntsevorot.jpgSpiridon Doll, wheel rotation can completely change your life, sending it in the right direction. Spiridon-Solstice traditionally made of flax, without a needle and red thread. During the creation of the doll, navivka and knots are used – symbols of male and female energy, thereby harmonizing these flows in themselves.

Although Solntsev did not count on official holidays, no one started serious work on this day, unless the hostess tried to look at the chicken coop once again, to feed buckwheat from the right sleeve of hens. They say that from this they began to rush faster and better, not running into the neighboring yards and not “littering” with eggs anywhere.

Sunny Horse
In many Russian fairy tales there are dolls, to which heroes trust their sorrows and joys, and share their thoughts. Besides, the small dolls-assistants do not leave their owners in trouble. A horse is a friend and companion of man in life. It is the conductor of human souls in this world. In ancient times, a lot of people’s lives depended on the horse.

Without this animal they could not do, no sowing, no trip, and no wedding. Everywhere a faithful horse accompanied him. Since that time, the preserved expression “to be on horseback” means success and luck. The Sun horse dates back to when the directions of north, south, east and west were marked by the symbol of the water horse, the air horse, the earth horse and the fire horse. In modern times, the Horse at home brings happiness and luck.

Десятиручка ten handed dollTen Arm Doll
A folk doll ritual is the multi-handed doll called the “Ten-hand doll” is an Autumn ritual doll. It is made of bast or straw generally on or around October 14th on Pokrov, when handcrafts were made in the Autumn. The uses of red thread is important,  which is a protective string and the only one that is used.

On the bottom of the sundress around the binding is bound to necessary 9 red threads-bows. The doll was intended to help girls preparing their dowry, and women in various matters, such as weaving, sewing, embroidery, knitting, etc.

Traditionally, after it was made, it almost immediately burned. Very often the dolls are hung in prominent places in the room where the woman spends most of her time at work, like the kitchen or the living room or work room. So many hands did the doll have, that she helped the hostess in all matters.

It was also possible to sentence each pen: “Let this pen help me to spin, and this weave, this knit, and this magnificent bread to bake …” In today’s world, such “assignments” of handles can also be useful. And you can do them not only in the manufacture of dolls, but also change as needed. Yes, at least every day! Folk doll Ten-point can become your personal time manager. Outline the ten most important, most necessary things you need to do today (this week, this month). And the rest of the case? And the rest will wait!

Rasschepukha-mnogoruchka (ten-armed-doll) by Russian artist of applied art Marina Mishina
Rasschepukha-mnogoruchka (ten-armed-doll) by Russian artist of applied art Marina Mishina.

Twist Doll (also called Column Doll) – This is one of the simplest folk dolls as the name is clear that the basis of this doll should be a “column”. You can make such a column from anything… from birch bark, round chump, a textile wand and wrapped cloth. It is simply made from a dense linen fabric rolled into a dense column.

twist doll 5She can wear any outfit of your choice. The size of the twist dolls may vary, it is more convenient for children to make this rag doll in a small size. The folk rag doll the column was primarily a game, that is, it was made for children’s games. Make this rag doll for yourself, or for your daughter, or make them together and play together.

This is the best Guardian Talisman against damages or the evil eye. This charm is so ancient that now no one can say who or where this first rag doll came from or into being. Twisting dolls are amazing creations for which you need to have only a few rags, pieces of braid and thread. A twisted doll is made without the use of needles and scissors.

Tolstushka-Kostromushka 
Woman’s essence – is a guard against loneliness. Its task was to restore fertility to a woman, to lure the soul of a child. If within a year after the marriage a woman did not become pregnant, they made a doll and put it on a prominent place on the side of the doors. Besides, any female relative made it: a sister, a godmother, a mother or a grandmother.

Veduchka-textile-faceless-doll

Veduchka Doll (vedučka) – Veduchka Doll was once a carved wooden doll, a characteristic of Sergiev Posad toys of of the XIX century. Bright painted figures wearing kokoshniks (head piece of traditional Russian costume) demonstrating wet nurses that were guiding a child. These doll figures are called Veduchka, which means “the one leading into life”. 

It is a type of carved toy doll with brightly painted figures in kokošnikah. Using the design of a doll doll, they turned a wooden toy into a plush textile doll. The size of the doll is the size of the doll itself. An image of a woman with a child who recently started walking. She supports the child, teaches the child, leads her or him, and brings the child to life. The special feature of Veduchka Folk Dolls are the hands of the mother and the child are one.  With the onset of Spring the girls did and gave each other bright dolls with hair of unusual colors. These dolls “Freckles” had the power of preserving youth.

A fun, playful doll that young girls made when spring came. Traditionally, it is very bright, with hair of an unusual color. These girls gave the dolls to each other. But in ancient times, the Slavs celebrated New Year on the first Spring Day (equinox). Celebrations were widespread, because the beginning of the new year was a symbol of the beginning of a new time.

From this day, it was possible to begin a new cycle of field work, to engage in other agricultural works. After the adoption of Christianity, this holiday began to be celebrated as the day of the Reverend Martyr Evdokia,  Eudokia of Heliopolis, who was the Holy image of Spring (Spring Woman).

Svitlana Serheyeva Handmade Art

The Vesnyanka has another name: Avdotya-Vesnovka.  Vesnyanki began from March 14, a special signs were associated with this day. It was believed that Avdotya keeps the keys to the Spring Waters, and if he wants, he will let the water in, but not – he will either delay or freeze the frost. The beginning of the spring winds was also associated with March 14th, therefore Vesnianka was also called Whistunya, saying: Here are the ones of Spring arriving! And Vesnyanka-Avdotya was also called Plyushchikha, Plushnykhaya – because the snow began to “flatten out”, that is, to settle, to follow in the thaw of winter.

When the owner of the house decided that the house was clogged with negative (quarrels, evil eyes, damage, illness, bad deeds and thoughts) of residents and guests, she took the Metlushku doll and clockwise, moving her from the edges to the center, swept away the “garbage” negative in one pile (on a rag or piece of paper.) Then the rag or piece of paper was gathered into a ball and burned. Usually, the cleansing rite is performed on a decreasing moon (ideally, before the new moon). immediately felt discharged atmosphere, become It is easier to breathe and the relations between family members become harmonious. Session can be held every month – then negative energy will not build up in the house.

Verbnitsa doll ВербницаVerbnitsa Doll
Verbnits Spring dolls always have pussy willow and the work is more complicated than painting Easter eggs. The general manufacturing techniques do not differ from the general manufacturing techniques of rag dolls. However, Verbnitsa’s face and hands are made of red cloth, symbolizing Spring and Renaissance. Since ancient times such pupae have always been prepared before the spring holidays but after Maslenitsa and Marzanna are burned.

Wedding Doll – Based on the folk doll of the Murashenskaya couple. An important event in the life of our ancestors was the wedding. This event was significant not only for one family, but also for the whole community, kind, because the wedding resulted in the birth of a new life. Shortly before the wedding, the bride’s girlfriends were preparing a protective ceremonial wedding doll, which is surprising in its essence in terms of content.

The bride and groom, the future husband and wife are girded with one belt – the thread of life. The doll was supposed to divert any negative from the young people and protect the future spouses. When making such a doll, the girls read certain conspiracies about a happy married life and the fertility of the bride and groom. It was believed that the more sincere wishes, the faster the bridesmaids themselves would marry and their family life would be happy.

The doll helps to successfully find a husband. “The husband is the head, and the wife is the neck.” Where the neck turns, there will be a head and look. Apparently, therefore, in a doll. On a successful marriage, the main focus is on the neck. The neck is adorned with beautiful multicolored collars, but not just like that – each collar gives the desired qualities of the future husband, who would like to see him in their future marriage.

On the apron there is an embroidered Ognevitsa sign – burning women’s diseases. The symbol doll and the charm of a strong union, therefore, it is done as if on one hand, to go through the life hand into the other hand, together in joy and misfortune. At present, the tradition has been preserved. Now, like hundreds of years ago, you can make dolls with your own hands and donate from a pure heart with the wish to never part. These dolls were very symbolic – the feminine and masculine elements were combined into an inseparable whole.

World Tree – Embodies the unity of the whole world. This is a kind of model of the earth and woman, and where every creature, object or phenomenon has its place in our world. In the horizontal plane, the world tree and the space around it, divided into four parts, express the idea of ​​the seasons. In particular, morning, day, evening, night, spring, summer, autumn, winter and space (east, south, west, north). Vertically, the tree divided into three parts means: the lower one – the root (the underground world), the middle one – the trunk (terrestrial world) and the upper one – the crown (the heavenly world).

To each of these parts belong certain creatures. Below, near the root, live snakes, frogs, fish, waterfowl and animals, because the bottom of the tree symbolizes not only the underworld, but also water. In the middle part, on the ground, there are large animals: tours, deer, horses, bears, and wolves. This is also the world of people. At the top of the world tree settle birds and bees, and here are heavenly bodies. The world tree is also a clan tree. That’s why the wedding doll “World Tree” done on a twig with two forks: at one fork, the bridegroom, on the other – the bride. There is also the “World River” but it is much more ancient than the world tree and doesn’t have a doll associated with it.

Zhelannitsa Doll (wish doll) – Every girl in a village had such a girl-doll. Not shown to anyone, if a girl wanted the wish to come true, she sew a bead as a gift on a doll’s dress or tied a ribbon, saying: “Look, what a beauty you are!” And for my gift, let my wish come true.

Elder Mountain Compilation Folk Doll Videos:

Soroka (Magpie)

 

Soroka How to Video

Soroka Pinterest material Ideas

Bereginya Folk Doll

 

Bereginya How to Video

Bereginya Pinterest material Ideas


Sources: Travel Podorozhnitsa Doll by https://hepibooka.wordpr
ess.com; © https://www.livemaster.ru/item/28872749-kukly-i-igrushki-kukly-oberegi-zolnitsa-travnitsa-krupinichka; Svitlana Serheyeva Handmade Art (facebook); Wiki Europe, https://vsemart.com; https://www.livemaster.ru/topic/2485141-sozdaem-svoimi-rukami-oberezhnye-kukly-27-beregin

 

4 Comments Add yours

  1. Caroline says:

    This is my third time reading this essay/post! Wow! This is absolutely incredible. I look forward to speaking with you about this and if you think best I would like to make. ♥️

    Like

    1. Great Caroline, write me at our facebook messenger if you have questions … and yes of course make one with us starting the day after the spring equinox. I will put up the how to videos etc. : ) https://www.facebook.com/ElderMountainDreaming/

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Zenseer says:

    Reblogged this on *Ancient Healing Arts* and commented:
    Both masks & dolls fascinate me.
    They’ve been used since the dawn on mankind and hold so much power & possibilities both from a therapeutic & shamanic point of view.

    Like

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