Vesta, the Goddess of Fire and Vulcan, the God of Fire

By Phoenix of Elder Mountain – Sacred rites are returning to Italy today, which is a very important step of the circle of return of the Goddess, rather than just festivals for communities. The video at the bottom of this article, shows the more meaningful return of the ancient ceremonies of the Fire Goddess Vesta, whose sisters were the eternal hearth fires of Brigid of the Celts, Sehkmet of the Egyptians and Durga of India. Vesta is shown with her three modern Priestesses as they perform the Vestalia Rites which were always held between the 7th and 15th of June each year.

Ancient Vesta StatueVesta (Hestia) has an earlier role as leader and goddess with her priestesses and a later role as being married with a consort. She was one of most powerful goddesses deities of the ancient world along with Ceres (Mother) and Hecate (Grandmother) and her mother Asteria. This made Vesta a triple “fire” goddess along with her sisters Juno and Ceres.

Her temples were run by the grandmothers and the Vestal Priestesses were adult women, who served the grandmothers They were also the accountants of Rome who handled all the wealth distributions, but also kept the sacred fire lit for the country as a whole.

Vesta’s sacred flame was not only for the continuation of the goddess cultures and pre-goddess cultures, but later was representational of her sacred marriage with her consort Vulcan. Vulcan was also known as Hephaestus and was son to Zeus and Hera, but again, Vulcan was much older than Zeus. In some stories, he was loyal to both his mother and his wife but as the Greeks gained more power to change women and goddess roles in community, he was changed to destroy women with power and serve the Gods.

His elements were metal and gold. As a powerful god of justice and one who obviously honored women, he had a golden throne within a hidden Springs that would trap any god who would sit in it.  Hephaestus is associated with Mycenean Greek, A-pa-i-ti-jo, found at Knossos; an inscription which indirectly attests his worship at that time because it is believed that it reads the theophoric name Haphaistios or Haphaistion.

The name of the god in Greek (Hēphaistos) has a root which can be observed in names of places of Pre-Greek origin, like Phaistos. Hephaestus is given many epithets and the meaning of each epithet is:

Amphigúeis “the lame one” (Ἀμφιγύεις)
Kullopodíōn “the halting” (Κυλλοποδίων)
Khalkeús “coppersmith” (Χαλκεύς)
Klutotékhnēs “renowned artificer” (Κλυτοτέχνης)
Polúmētis “shrewd, crafty” or “of many devices” (Πολύμητις)
Aitnaîos “Aetnaean” (Αἰτναῖος), located below Mount Aetna.

800px-Roman
Vulcan’s Temple in Rome

The origin of Vulcan through its many changes, the Roman tradition maintained that he was related to Latin words connected to lightning making him a lightning god (fulgur, fulgere, fulmen), which in turn was thought of as related to flames. This interpretation is supported by Walter William Skeat in his etymological dictionary as meaning lustre.

It has been supposed that his name was not Latin but more related to that of the Cretan god Velchanos, a god of nature and the nether world which by all accounts seems the most probable. Gérard Capdeville finds a continuity between the Cretan Minoan god Velchanos and the Etruscan Velchans. The Minoan god’s identity would be that of a young deity, master of fire and companion of the Great Goddess. I too agree with Gérard that Vulcan, the Roman God is really a Crete and Etruscan god that was from the indigenous (archaic eras) before Greece and Roman politics, concerning the gods and goddesses.

Vesta PriestessVesta and Vulcan as Fire God and Goddess, were eventually destroyed by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I (Latin: Flavius Theodosius Augustus; 11 January 347 – 17 January 395) who forbid them to be honored and destroyed all their temples. Theodosius was by birth, a Spaniard and migrated to Rome. He became a Roman Emperor and ruled from 379 ce – 395 ce. Theodosius was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire and held all power in a dictatorship.

On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against both the Goddess and the Goths and others who had invaded the empire. He failed to kill, expel, or entirely subjugate the Goths but was successful at destroying the Goddess Temples. This was also with the help of what Dionysus and his cult had begun 400 years early to break the great circle of women’s mysteries by luring the maiden out of the circle with drugs and dark sex magic.

Hephaestus was associated by Greek colonists in southern Italy with the Volcano gods Adranus (of Mount Etna) and Vulcanus of the Lipari islands. The first-century sage Apollonius of Tyana is said to have observed, “there are many other mountains all over the earth that are on fire, and yet we should never be done with itm if we assigned to them giants and gods like Hephaestus”

Vesta and Vulcan return now in full circle as the end of the patriarch has occurred (2012) and as they both return to their divine side after millenniums of corrupted demonization by the shadow sides of Religion, they bring back balance. They were both from a much earlier time before Saturnalia, but still remained in the heart of the area later known as Rome. She originally was honored under a thatched hut with ‘walls woven from pliant wicker’ as a village and then Vesta’s shrine was re built several times, until its last incarnation in the late republic by which time the Romans replaced the straw with ‘roofs of bronze.’

The shrine of Vesta was always a circular sacred space, even in her building, to emulate the earth, according to Ovid. There was no statue of Vesta in her shrine because she was the spirit of mother earth’s fire. Only in the inner sanctum with the sacred flame that never went out, were there certain archaic sacred objects.

1835-water-colour-of-the-aedes-vestae-temple-of-vesta
1835 watercolor of the Aedes Vestae (Temple of Vesta)

On the final day of the Vestalia, the shrine of the goddess was ritually swept out and cleansed. The resulting ‘scouring’ were carefully collected and deposited in the River Tiber so they would be carried away from the city and out to sea. This cleansing at one time no doubt served a practical purpose but it was also symbolic; of our individual spiritual cleansing, with the resulting impurities removed and neutralized by a fast flowing body of water. Water being the symbol of our emotional bodies connection to our soul.

Mothers and maidens wore white in ancient ceremonies and Grandmothers wore black in ceremony (not funerary) as archeologists would have us all believe. Vesta only had female priestesses and grandmothers as leaders. The female priestesses called the vestal virgins (virgin in its origin meaning of a free woman who could own land and be free of a husband if she chose). The priestesses guarded and protected the sacred flame and this freedom of woman. Some sacred objects were in the temple, until the destruction of the cult of Vesta in 394 ce collapsed by the rising religion of both the Dionysus (pan) and Apollo Cults who were inseparable as deities and rising Christian religions.

vestaVesta was transformed then, into the form of what is called the Holy Spirit of the Catholics, Hague Sophia and Ceres was rolled in to the Virgin Mary. The grandmother, wise elder leader, was destroyed completely. Eventually men took over the leadership of most of women’s temples by the second century bce all over the Mediterranean including Greece, Macedonia, Turkey and Italy. Grandmother was then completely rejected and replaced by the maiden, and a single male figurehead or God such as Apollo or Dionysus as a spiritual leader who was one main Priest, served by only maidens. Mothers and Grandmothers were by law no longer able to lead spiritually or work in their own temples. These were women’s great Greek and Roman Tragedies.

Once wine, drugs and sex were brought into the previously pure temples of women, the slow demise which led to Christian religions overthrowing of all temples began to happen. Only priests were then allowed to do public ceremony which lead to the total transformation of men leadership of the three male god religions, Christianity, Judaic and Muslim religions. Hindu and Eastern Religions fallowed suit as well. Seven centuries later the submission had gone into abuses and violence against women between the 10th and 15th centuries which would remained status quo until the until the beginning of the 1830s.

Now the true sacred circle of woman has truly returned and for ceremonies to the Goddess Vesta and her consort Vulcan, to be in the open public in Rome, and not in a “festival” format, but ritual format, and this is the only confirmation we need to know, that the sacred circle has been mended and is truly healing, in this part of the world.

A beautiful Vesta ceremony…

Amber Elektra Ηλεκτρα & Aura Avra

Alabama Power Headquarters tower in downtown Birmingham.

By Phoenix of Elder Mountain – Elektra (Asteroid #130) of Mycenae is the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, first mentioned by Aeschylus in Choephori. She and her brother Orestes killed their mother and her lover Aegisthus, for the murder of their father. In her later evolution, Electra is the daughter of Atlas and Poleon, daughter of the Ocean, or Ishonis, a sister of six sisters, all of whom were called the Pleiades. With the exception of Meropi, they all joined the gods (three with Zeus, two with Poseidon, one with Mars).

In the Italian variations of the myth, Elektra becomes the wife of the King of the Etruscans of Korithos and their children Dardanus and Iasius are born in Italy and then leave, one in Samothrace, the other in Troad. Later, Elektra and her sisters were beaten and abused. The Latinized form of Greek Ηλεκτρα (Elektra), is derived from ηλεκτρον (electron) meaning “Amber”.

For the causes of transformation of the seven siblings, various reasons are given:

1. The Pleiades, together with their mother Poleonis, hunted Orion the Hunter, who hunted them for five years, in Boeotia. Jupiter eventually regretted them and transformed them first into pigeons and then into a star.  2. They felt deep sorrow for their father Atlas, condemned by Zeus to carry the sky on his shoulders.  3. They were deeply saddened by their sons, Yades, for the death of their brother Handa, who had snickered him. Pleiada Elektra, from whom the genus of the Trojan kings came, was very sorry for the fall of Troy, and because the genus of Dardanus’ son was completely lost. That’s why she was removed from her sisters, who were thought to have been taking the circle of star dancing and ceasing to shine. He settled in the arctic circle and only occasionally in the year appears in the celestial dome, with his hair turned off and laughing. That’s why people called it a comet or a fox.

Electra in the memory of Agamemnon Sir William Blake Richmond (British 1842-1921)Elektra siblings were her brother Orestis , and two sisters, Iphigenia and Chrysosthemis. The myth of Elektra begins with the Trojan War, when Eleni, wife of King Menelaus of Sparta and her sister Clytemnestra, flew to Troy with the prince of Paris, the Greeks decided to campaign against Troy and bring Eleni back. Agamemnon, brother of Menelaus, was chosen as the commander of the Greek forces.

Before the Greeks could sail for Troy, a saint told Agamemnon that he would have to sacrifice his Daughter of Iphigenia to the goddess Artemis, for the fleet would be destroyed by the winds. Artemis received the daughter as a priestess, and the Greek fleet started for Troy. Clytemnestra, who was defeated by the loss of Iphigeneia, never forgave her husband. As long as Agamemnon was fighting in Troy, Clytemnestra and her husband’s cousin, Aegisthus, became lovers, but Elektra remained loyal to her father and longed for her return.

After ten years of fighting between the Greeks (Achaeans) and the Trojans, Troy was finally defeated, Agamemnon returned triumphant to Mycenae, but did not return alone. As a war lord he had taken Cassandra, the daughter of the king of Troy, Priam. Within a few hours of his return to the palace, according to some versions of the myth, Clytemnestra, Elektra’s mother, with Aigitus murdered Agamemnon and Cassandra.

Clytemnestra then planned to kill Orestes, but Elektra secretly arranged for her young brother to be sent to the kingdom of Phocis where he was raised safely. Betrayal and revenge was the story of this family. For many years afterwards, Elektra was in mourning from her father’s death and avenging revenge. When Orestes matured, he learned about the way his father was killed, and he started for Mycenae with his cousin and friend Pillades. When the two men arrived at the palace, they were disguised as travelers to go unnoticed. They claimed to have brought the ashes of dead in a hydra.

ELEKTRA, ORESTES AND AURA Asteroids (example in my family’s charts) 

The myth of Elektra and her brother, relates as an archetypal story of my own families karma and its purification. I look up my chart and my two children’s charts to see where Elektra, Aura and Orestes (asteroids were). The first chart is my wedding chart, which had Moon/Mars conjunct and Sun/Mercury conjunct in the eighth house, which are both signatures in my children’s birth chart.

In my chart, Elektra and Orestes are both at 29 Sagittarius (galactic center), conjunct my Mars/Saturn (21/22 Sag), square my moon. Aura is conjunct my Sun/Venus/Chiron (where I caused karma), opposite Uranus (involved with four other planets in that T-Square).

In my son’s chart, Elektra is conjunct his Moon/Mars in Libra and no aspect to Aura; but Orestes is at his IC (conjunct my sun/venus/chiron).

My daughter’s Elektra conjuncts her Uranus (exact) opposite Chiron; Orestes is opposite her Sun/Mercury conjunction. Aura is opposite her Saturn.

671aa-ceb7cebbceb5cebacf84cf81cf83cebfcf86cebfcebacebbObviously the death I had experienced from my divorce was not only that event but my karma as well. It effected my children greatly as all divorces do, but our was lifetimes in the making, and that anger brought a great rejection of me as their mother (Pisces Moon in the 4th house).

My children became so angry at me in their youth, then their teens and all of their twenties, for leaving their father and them. Even though it was because my intense shamanic initiations would lead me to my deaths, they didn’t want to live with me at all after my divorce. This was one of my first personal deaths as a mother of two young children and broke my heart.

We had all experienced a very tragic Pluto influence in our family (all four of us with Scorpio Rising and a 4th house Aquarian cusp. Our story was the Elektra and Orestes (my children) who would deliver the woundings to me, that would eventually help heal me through rejection. The supercharged of otherworldly energy of Elektra and the involvement of the family scenario, brought intense deaths and rebirths to all of us, cutting the chords to the past life karma in which we were all, as a family, to heal.

You learn a lot about your karma first hand, when its delivered that way through twenty five years of pain, at least the very personal relationships of the inner circles of your life. Elektra being located in the galactic center of 29 Sagittarius, meant that there was no fixing this situation, there was only the journey to the other side and all the way through each part of the disasters. Eventually there was a slow reconciliation starting about half way through the destruction, and I kept building a bridge to my children, through the path of forgiveness with healthy boundaries and so too with their father. We all have a good relationship now, but it was a rough Scorpion path, for a long time. 

Ορέστης και Ηλέκτρα
Ορέστης και Ηλέκτρα – Elektra and Orestes

Elektra had married the cousin of Pylades, who was fraternal friend of her brother and were challenged because the Furies. Together her and her brother went to Tabriz (Iran), under the command of the Oracle “Iphigenia in Tauris” Euripides. From Elektra and Pylades marriage, were born two boys.

The Phoenician word Elēkrŏn, meaning ‘Shining Light’.”  Clearly 2,500 years ago, its birth of the Shining Light is attributed to Goddess Elektra. Her story is the root of all civilization, humanity and culture with other goddesses of Illumination and the Night Light. I have always been interested in the wholeness and root of her shamanic and dreaming past, her cave life, her ancient art and rock art, and her reflection upon our lives today. Because they were before written languages and I focus on the values of what small pieces are left from prehistory as her root.

Orestes, Hermes and ElectraThe name Elektra carries much about a Goddess (woman) herself, and her tales, more than words could ever express, from a past to build a kingdom against her.

In most Greek tales woman is either vindictive or a victim of men and their behaviors. To me, that is such a small part of and even though we live in a modern mind-cult world, extractions through our art, creativity, dance, song and rituals tell another tale of our archetypal past. We return to our root soul, to understand our world (mother earth), which sits deep within us, under layers and layers of karma and pain, and the much deeper patterns of our personal healing journey that can be extracted.

Latin electricus, from Latin electrum ‘Amber is from the Greek word ēlektron, because rubbing amber causes electrostatic phenomena. Being Slavic, amber is a sacred stone and has qualities that help add power to the subtle bodies.

Who is Elektra before and after the patriarch has dissolved? She is who she has always been, the life force of electricity, the energy of friction that leads to illumination. The being who causes the winds to move in any direction that she wishes. She is a life force of energy that fragments what is whole (within shadow) and destroys it.

She is also associated with the human forces of Aerokenisis, Hydrokenisis, Electrokenisis and is equaled to the Thunder God but is both thunder and lightning.

Aura is the divine personification of the breeze, from the plural form, Aurae, Breezes

AURA – Avra or Avrig (Asteroid #1488)

Aura is the daughter of Perivia from Phrygia and Titan Lelanda. A divine personification of the breeze, from the plural form, Aurae, “Breezes.” She is one of the daughters of the Anemoi and belonged to the circle of Artemis and shared with her the huntress experience. The most well-known Aurae is Chione; a daughter of Boreas (the North Wind); Chione is also a goddess of the Winter season and snow.

Auras association with horses puts her in the shamanic family of the “wind horse” which means she travels in-between the worlds and is not limited to the physical world. Aura as Chione is the goddess personification of snow and of winter; as the goddess of winter, she is often depicted accompanying the seasonal Horae; Thallo (Spring), Auxo (Summer), and Carpo (Autumn). Chione is an Aurae (the daughters of the Anemoi) and daughter of Boreas, the god of the North (wind), and Orithyia, the lady of mountain gales.

Aura,Aurae are also said to partially resemble Ghosts, and can become part of the breeze or can prevent it. They appear to disappear into the air, which, along with the fact that they glide, is why they are often mistaken for Spirits of the Departed. They are also said to sometimes work with Aeolus, Master of Winds, and are the more gentle cousins of the Harpies.

Anemoi were wind goddesses and gods who were each ascribed a cardinal direction from which their respective winds came and were each associated with various seasons and weather conditions. The Anemoi Goddesses are the Aurae who are the Wind (but then later demoted to wind nymphs).

In later stories (5th century ce), Dionysus fell in love with her, but a lighter and free goddess (virgin), she refused him, and had the advantage of running like the wind and escaping his clutches. When Aura came to understand what Dionysus had done, she fell to the Sangarios River to die. Aura adorns one side of one of the two-sided reliefs of the pillars in the Archos or the Enchanted (Incantadas) in Thessaloniki (2nd century ce).

Orestes at Delphi flanked by Athena and Pylades among the Erinyes and priestesses of the oracle perhaps including Pythia behind the tripod - Paestan red-figured bell-krater cORESTES (Asteroid #13475)

In Greek mythology, Orestes has several stories. His name means “mountain dweller” derived either from orestias “of the mountains” or oresteros “mountainous” from oros “mountain” was the name of the following:

Orestes, son of River God Achelous and Goddess Perimede, daughter of Aeolus. Orestes, the famous son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. Orestes, a Greek warrior slain by Hector and Ares during the Trojan War. Orestes, a Trojan soldier who attacked the Achaean wall together with Asius and was killed by Leonteus, a Lapith leader. Orestes, one of the leaders of the Satyrs who joined the army of Dionysus in his campaign against India.

A lot of the stories that involve Orestes and his purification after he murders his mother:

According to Euripides, the mother-in-law will suffer, until exhausted, by the Erinids. Elektra supports him, but can not soften the attack that Orestes receives from his remorse. Aristotle’s natural aversion to the murder of the mother is convened by Orestes’ grandfather and father, Clytemnestra Tynareos. The possible punishment that will be imposed on them by the tribunal to try them is death by stoning, so that no Argos will be infected by contact with the two siblings, who put their hopes on their uncle Menelaus who had just flown with the ships In Nafplio.

Orestes kills Clytemnestra.The first concern of the Spartan king is to send Eleni to the palace of Agamemnon, to protect her from the possible vengeance of a father who would like to avenge the death of his son in Troy for her sake. In the supplications of the two brothers he stands reluctant, let alone thinking that Orestes may be extinguished in Argos. He only promises to claim the Grace’s grace, but he did not do it at the time of the trial.

The Argives decide the death of the two brothers, but with their own hands. Following the suggestion of Pyladi, and then another of Elektra, Orestes decides to enter the palace and kill Helen or start a fire in the palace; then they capture Hermione and threaten her father so that he, in turn, asks the Argives to let them go.

It is Apollo, who, by order of Zeus, saves Helen from the swords of her two friends, raises her to the ethers, where Eleni will live immortally beside her brothers Dioskouros, keeping them in their work to protect the sea travelers. Apollo will resolve the impasse as the two friends and Elektra hold Captain Ermioni, blackmailing Menelaos for his mediation to the Argives, and deciding to burn the palace.

The god announces the fate of Eleni, orders Orestes to stay exiled in Arcadia for a year, then to go to Athens where he will be tried by the gods and will be acquitted. The final order concerns the marriage of Orestis and Pyladi, with Ermioni and Elektra. Thus, the culprit is again in the social system, cleansed of crime and offering offspring,

Orestes and his sister ElektraOrestes and Iphigenia – With Iphigenia in Tauris , Euripides adds another chapter to Orestes’ treatment of the madness of guilt. According to an oracle that Orestes took, he would have to bring the statue of the goddess Artemis from Tauris. But:

“[…] And the people over  Artemis glorify the Tavriotissa. And when the feast is celebrated, when the priest celebrates for his slaughter, he has been called a priest by swording a man’s throat and spoiling him for the grace for the pilgrimage of the goddess. “(Euripides, Iphigenia in Taurus , 1456-1461) .

Both Pyladies and Orestes were imprisoned to be sacrificed to the goddess. However, Iphigenia had the opportunity to ask strangers for her homeland and thus to be recognized. As soon as they were informed of the purpose of their journey, Iphigenia was engineered to allow Orestes to take the statue of Artemis from Tauris and take it to Attica, to escape from the sacrifice and to make it all together -Arestes, Pyladis, Ifigeneia – to return to their homeland.

Marriage and death – Engaged by Agamemnon’s father and her cousin Ermioni, he had to kidnap her when he came back from Tavrida because Menelaos in Troy defaulted on his speech and gave his daughter to Neoptolemos. He even killed Neoptolemos in Delphi, at the invitation of Hermione. They captured a son, Tisameño, and reigned seventy years. He died ninety years ago and showed his tomb in Tegea, where he gave him divine honors after sending colonists to Asia Minor to restore the cities and their sanctuaries destroyed by the Trojan War. This is why he pillaged his kingdom shortly before he died. This last legend marks the decline of the Mynenean civilization and the beginning of colonization. 

220px-Las_Incantadas_Louvre_Aura velificans caryatid from the agora of Thessalonica (late 2nd–early 3rd century)
Sources:

Electra in the memory of Agamemnon, Sir William Blake Richmond (British, 1842-1921); https://argolikivivliothiki.gr; Pottery representation from a white-red red peat of the 4th century BCE where Orestes, Hermes and Electra are depicted in the memory of Agamemnon, Museum of the Louvre, Paris; Orestes, Hermes and Electra Pottery;

The Aura. A marble statue depicting the Aura on the back of a horse is attributed to the sculptor Timothy, about 380 BC. It was the right cape of the western frontier of the temple of Asclepius in Epidaurus. Athens, National Archaeological Museum. Other art from http://www.greek-language.gr.

Orestes at Delphi flanked by Athena and Pylades among the Erinyes and priestesses of the oracle, perhaps including Pythia behind the tripod – Paestan red-figured bell-krater, c. 330 BCE; Orestes kills Clytemnestra.

Raven, Crow and Magpie, Totem and Animism

YATAGARASU

By Phoenix of Elder Mountain – As a dreamer (shaman), I have both a relationship to crow, raven and magpie trough my own animism souls attained with them and with understanding the deeper totemic relationship. This has taught me much about the medicines of the soul-birds through my experience over the decades. All I did in my path was bow deeply mother earth, both her consciousness, served her for decades, and passed all of her tests of wrath. Now as I enter elder, her avian, animals, insects and oceanids come to help me without asking.

I do ceremony, but don’t have or keep feathers, horns or animal skins with the ceremony, they are not needed, I only focus with intent on what is to heal, personal, inter-personal, for others or for specific collective work. Shaman mean’s healer or medicine person and that is it, to heal the self when the cancer rises, not using medications, plants, or doctors. It meant that a million years ago and it applies true today.

In animism, which is the deeper and much older teaching than totem, is a path or walk of living attainment through the decades of karmic purification of the emotional body, soul body, mental and physical body. Those who shape shift into raven, crow or magpie consciously, know them best. This excludes most sorcerers who just project shifting, but are not really shape soul shifting into an animal or bird (the puff and smoke illusions) in reality in the shape-shifting. In fact, there are more people who shift into animism soul that have demonic souls, than there are with pure souls.

Illustration by Plaksin for Russian Folk Tale, the Magpie-Crow, 1969, Soviet Artist.jpgThe evolution of the loss of our animism souls and how the artists from ancient time to today show it in their work…

1. First was the animal (which animal and human shared a soul) the living animism through shamans and shamanism;

2. Beginning losses as the Sun cults rises in all cultures, even indigenous. Effigy’s of half bird half woman are the oldest of earth until the sun cults began.

3. As the sun cults and then kingdoms were built by government (war, science and religion) which was the newly developing men’s religions), the art cultures then depicted “half animal/bird and half human” like the centaur, or lion with wings etc (zoomorphic);

4. Complete loss of grandmothers shamanic cultures in art is where the human, is riding the animal or bird” or being drawn by a cart like the goddess Freya, reduced to cats and pigs as the animals. Even in indigenous cultures but pretty much was destroyed between the 3rd and 8th century.

5. Modern Pets and domestic animals, farm animals, which are in great abundance, and the lowest form of the “human-animism soul” today. Most humans who have a pet, that is their animism soul and all the freedom and nature has been bred out. Or if they once had a wild animism soul, such as bear or wolf, those are now demonic, and stuck with the demon human shadow in the underworld, or roaming in spiritual or native groups in-between the veils. This is what skinwalker, werewolves, vampires etc are.

Crow, Raven and Magpie Totem and Folklore

Crow and Raven can be either dark (shadowy or demonic ensouled), having taken their karmic attributes, or they can be light (helpful friend, protector in the form of watcher). Crow, what I have witnessed as a shaman is much darker than Raven when it comes to humans and their animism soul. The magpie carries a unique balance of both and neither and is the great bridge of finding center between light and dark. Magpie is found only in a few cultures teachings, and has both black and white colors. Raven and Crow correlates to the struggle between shadow and light, good and evil, empowerment verses power, which is the relationship of soul (water) and spirit (fire).

This is why in mythology and folklore, the crow and raven shifted from the light side of shadow (white crow) into the dark sides of the dark in the sun cults (the sun) mythologies of all people. Societies and tribes alike were building and building more and more karma. War and killing is the main destroyer of the animism soul besides shamanic plants, drugs and pot.

The sun stories related crow and raven as thief (trickster), shapeshifter and messenger of both sides. The bird who was white and transformed to black, bringing luck to some and to others, a messengers warning of the presence of shadow. Magpie is always referred to as a Heavenly Messenger, this has to do with overcoming the duality of crow and raven’s light verses dark battles. Or its much more of a trouble makers than Crow himself.

This is the meaning of the “triple footed crow” behind the art of the Chinese, represent in their mythology. This also has been seen in some art in ancient coins from Lycia in Greece and Pamphylia, an Ancient Region of Anatolia. But like the Chinese they too pushed out the grandmothers older shamanic cultures.

The Chinese had lost their original grandmother shaman culture’s connection, so too Native American and Aboriginal when the sun cults arrived three-thousand years ago. What was left over from prehistory, is in all crow and raven teachings today and are all very similar. What also remains, especially in Chinese mythology, is the direct connection of the “three” (magpie, crow and raven) in visual ancient art connected to the older time before the sun cults, when moon and sun cultures ruled together before paganism and that is the “three legged crow legends.”

magpie

Raven and crow and magpie, all fall into neutral territory as a bird soul shamanism teaching, they live in-between the worlds in their respective order, and this makes me associate them with both the dawn and dusk goddesses and the shape-shifting of shaman’s animism reality. They are not truly night or day, I have seen ravens and crows out at night and the daytime, but mostly day, as they are not nocturnal. As a totem raven and crow can go both ways, they can be messengers to warn of shadow, to those of the light. Or they can be messengers of light, giving warnings to the shadow people or the walking dead.

In local modern folklore or folk teachings, I have seen many pot farms associated with the more shadowy sides of Crow (but not raven), which mean the more warrior aspects of men (dark side of the light) have crossed the line and gone over to the shadow sides (dark side of the dark). I have also seen groups of warrior types of people, native or non-native who have taken their dark side (karmic side of their own past life warrior killing) and carry that integrated past life of the demonic astral shadow body, into this life, again, Crow displays this but not raven.

All this is what makes raven, crow and magpie very unique as soul totems, and why they are associated with the double standards of Gemini. In the archetype of Gemini, is the symbol of magic, and trickery, and the self indulgent thief who can walk the two way doors of deception. An example is the charismatic spiritual leader who is really dark underneath, but those who cannot see, only see their charming or charismatic side. For those with the light side of crow and raven animism or totem, will always see the shadow of these people who use trickster medicines. This is why crow and raven are complicated totems, they are not straight forward and fall into the difficult spiritual task of overcoming “illusion”.

When it comes to the esoteric or mystery, crow and raven are self serving both to its shadow attributes and its light attributes and why its similar to coyote aspects of totems. Owl and Vulture are straight forward in their dealings with the dead and darkness.

Ravens and Crows are black representing the night, but live during the day in the Sun, and that has helped them to obtain mystical and then mythic status as the birds who govern both night and day, life and death, but not the underworld. Those who are stuck between life and death, or those who are the living (dead, because of their sickness, or addictions etc). Vulture, unlike raven or crow, is associated with the underworld and death, the dead and with lost souls and the nourishment or fertility that comes from the breaking down of the physical life into the spiritual. But raven and crow do not carry these qualities, they are strictly messengers like hawk.

So to sum up the Totem: Raven and Crow are dualistic in nature, they are either the “dark side of the dark” (demonic) or they are the “light side of the dark” (fighting against the dark for purposes and intent of the light) and why the black raven and crows colors, once white, not fight the dark, and their coloring is black.

Bird Shaman Animist woman Permian animal style VI-XII centuryPrehistory Shaman Grandmothers, into Goddess cultures and lastly the earliest parts of Paganism

In Japan, the Shinto Goddess, Amaterasu is sometimes represented as a giant raven, Yata-Garasu. The raven has long been used in religious and astrological symbolism across China and Japan, particularly among those involved with sun worship and onmyōdō. Raven represent heaven, the earth, and the soul (bird). Also while the crow itself represents the sun. This was a time when the sun was a Goddess who rules over wisdom and benevolence, since then many of the sun goddesses were changed into the sun God.

In England, tombstones are sometimes called “ravenstones”. Among the Irish Celts, Raven was associated with the Triple Goddess, the Morrigan, who took the shape of Raven over battlefields as Chooser of the Slain. Before pagan traditions in the purer or older Goddess traditions she sat as the grandmother who was protector of her female warriors, later in the pagan cults, she was a protector of warriors, such as Chuhulian and Fionn MacCual.

Raven in paganism and druid traditions is also the totem of the pan-Celtic Sorceress and Goddess Morgan le Fay, called the Queen of Faeries. In some tales, she is Queen of the Dubh Sidhe, or Dark Faeries, who were a race of tricksters who often took the form of ravens.

The Scottish Goddess of Winter, The Cailleach, also shape shift into raven. A touch from her brings death (rebirth). The Cailleach is also older than Paganism and in the Shamanic eras would be called a Bone Mother which the raven is the smallest level of the animism souls of the shaman, for there are many.

Before the Apollo political cult took over the oracle and mystery women’s temples and centers of pre-Greece, Apollo consumed Athena’s Raven. The goddess Athena turned Coronis white crow into a black crow like many of the worlds cultures did.

Raven had brought bad news of the changing societies of the Minoans, Dorians and Ionians and their destruction by the rising Greeks, so long to Athena that she changed the light side of the dark of raven, into the dark side of the dark (Coronis from white to black). Then the rising Greek men had banished the Raven altogether from the Acropolis because it spoke the truth of the political men’s destructive behaviors of building the Greek political agenda against the soul (birds represent the soul in ancient traditions.)

Raven and Crow are not oracular birds like the owl is because they are ‘day’ birds, they are messengers of the waking life when it pertains to shadow. Owl is oracular and prophetic as night birds (the soul at night). Athena use to carry both birds, making her older than paganism, of the earlier tribes of the Dorians, Ionians and Minoans and their shamanic tribes.

Prehistory into History

Кутх, Хантай и Пеликен представят Камчатку на всероссийском конкурсе сувениров

The Kamchatkans

Kutkh (also Kutkha, Kootkha, Kutq Kutcha, Кутх), is the Raven Ancestor Spirit traditionally revered in various forms by various indigenous peoples of the Russian far east. Kutkh appears in many legends as a key figure in creation, as a fertile ancestor and as the mighty trickster of the shaman female and sometimes male. Its a popular animist stories of the Chukchi people and plays a central role in the mythology of the Koryaks and Itelmens of Kamchatka.

Many of the stories regarding Kutkh are similar to those of the Raven among the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, a long history of indirect cultural contact between Asian and North American peoples. Kutkh (raven) is known among a wide group of people that share a common Chukotko-Kamchatkan language family. Raven is also known as Kutq among the Itelmen, KútqI, KútqIy, KúsqIy in the southeastern Koryak language; KúykIy or QúykIy in northwestern Koryak; and Kúrkil in the Chukchi language.

In Koryak it is employed commonly in its augmentative form, (KutqÍnnaku, KusqÍnnaku, KuyÍnnaku) all meaning “Big Kutkh” as creator, which is also a sun cult myth. The tales of Kutkh come in many, often contradictory versions. In some tales he is explicitly created by a Creator and lets the dawn onto the earth by chipping away at the stones surrounding her.

In others (sometimes out of an old fur coat) Raven takes pride in independence from the Creator. In some, Kamchatka, a feather is dropped while flying over the earth. In others, islands and continents are created by defecation, rivers and lakes out of her waters. The difficult volcanic terrain and swift rivers of Kamchatka are thought to reflect Kutkh’s capricious and willful nature.

The bringing of light in the form of the sun and the moon is also a common theme. Sometimes, tricking evil spirits which have captured the celestial bodies much in the style of analogous legends about the Tlingit and Haida in the Pacific Northwest. In others, it is Raven who must be tricked into releasing the sun and the moon from its bill. Kutkh’s children who are ravens, copulating with other animal spirits (animism) and creating the peoples who populate the world.

In the animistic tradition of north-Eurasian peoples, Kutkh has a variety of interactions and altercations with Wolf, Fox, Bear, Wolverine, Mouse, Owl, Seal, Walrus and a host of other. Many of these interactions involve some sort of trickery in which Kutkh comes out on top about as often as raven is made a fool of. An example of these contradictions is given to the Chukchi legend of Kutkh and the Mice….

The great and mighty raven Kutkh was flying through the cosmos. Tired from constant flight, he regurgitated the Earth from his gut, transformed into an old man, and alighted on the empty land to rest. Out of his first footsteps emerged the first Mice. Curious, playful and fearless, they entered the sleeping Kutkh’s nose. The fury of the subsequent sneeze buckled the earth and created the mountains and the valleys.

Attempts to stamp them out led to the formation of the ocean. Further harassments led to a great battle between the forces of snow and fire which created the seasons. Thus, the variable world recognizable to people emerged from the dynamic interaction between the mighty Kutkh and the small but numerous Mice. Although Kutkh is supposed to have given humankind variously light, fire, language, fresh water and skills such as net-weaving and copulation, raven is also often portrayed as a laughing-stock, hungry, thieving and selfish.

Ravens are often associated with death in mythology

In its contradictions, raven’s character is similar that of other tricksters, such as Coyote and sometimes Fox. The early Russian explorer and ethnographer of Kamchatka Stepan Krasheninnikov (1711–1755) summarizes the Itelmen’s relationship to Kutkh as follows:

“They pay no homage to Raven and never ask any favors; they speak of Raven only in derision. They tell such indecent stories about Raven that I would be embarrassed to repeat them. They upbraid Raven for having made too many mountains, precipices, reefs, sand banks and swift rivers, for causing rainstorms and tempests which frequently inconvenience them.

In winter when they climb up or down the mountains, they heap abuses on him and curse Raven with imprecations. They behave the same way when they are in other difficult or dangerous situations.” 

The image of Kutkh remains popular and iconic in Kamchatka, used often in advertising and promotional materials. Stylized carvings of Kutkh by Koryak artisans, often adorned with beads and lined with fur, are sold widely as souvenirs. The Chukchi creator-deity, roughly analogous to Bai-Ulgan of the Turkic pantheon. The Koryaks refer to him as Quikinna’qu (“Big Raven”) and in Kamchadal (Itelmens) mythology, is called Kutkhu.

eaglehawk and crow, aboriginal rock art

Australian Aboriginals

In Aboriginals tales of the raven is believed to have originally been a white bird who was scorched by the sun (cults). In Australian Aboriginal mythology, Crow is a trickster, culture hero and ancestral being. In the Kulin nation in central Victoria he was known as Waa (also Wahn or Waang) and was regarded as one of two moiety ancestors, the other being the more sombre eaglehawk Bunjil. Legends relating to Crow have been observed in various Aboriginal language groups and cultures across Australia.

Crow and Magpie – The various groups of Western Australia offer two versions of the same story about the Crow and the Magpie. The crow and the magpie are brothers (once brother and sister), both born with pure white feathers. Both were vain and would argue as to which was the most beautiful. Perched in a tree, they began to argue and then fought. The people with the crow as their totem will tell you the brothers fell into a fire below, the Crow getting burnt all over, the Magpie only partially burned.

One common myth concerns Crow’s role in bringing and stealing fire to humankind. According to a version of this story told by the Wurundjeri people of the Kulin nation, in the Dreamtime, fire been a jealously-guarded secret of the seven Karatgurk women who lived by the Yarra River where Melbourne now stands because women are the original fire keepers and do not misuse nature’s spirit. These women carried live coals on the ends of their digging sticks, allowing them to cook yams.

One day Crow found a cooked yam and, finding it tastier than the raw vegetables he had been eating, decided he would cook his food from then on. However, the Karatgurk women refused to share their fire with him and Crow resolved to trick them into giving it up. Crow caught and hid a number of snakes in an ant mound then called the women over, telling them that he had discovered ant larvae were far more tasty than yams.

The women began digging, angering the snakes, which attacked. Shrieking, the sisters struck the snakes with their digging sticks, hitting them with such force that the live coals flew off. Crow, who had been waiting for this, gathered the coals up and hid them in a kangaroo skin bag. The women soon discovered the theft and chased him, but the bird simply flew out of their reach and perched at the top of a high tree.

Eaglehawk and Craw – Bunjil the Eaglehawk, who had seen all of this, asked Crow for some of the coals so that he could cook a possum. Crow instead offered to cook it for him. Soon, a large group had gathered around Crow’s tree, shouting and demanding that he share the secret of fire with them. The din frightened Crow and at last he flung several live coals at the crowd.

Kurok-goru the fire-tailed finch picked up some of the coals and hid them behind his back, which is why to this day firefinches have red tails. The rest were gathered up by Bunjil’s shaman helpers, Djurt-djurt the nankeen kestrel and Thara the quail hawk. The coals caused a bushfire which burnt Crow’s feathers permanently black and threatened to consume the entire land, until Bunjil’s efforts halted its spread. The Karatgurk sisters, meanwhile, were swept into the sky where they became the Pleiades (the stars are said to represent their glowing fire sticks).

Those whom have the magpie as their totem will tell the story the same, but that the brothers fell into thick black mud, and the magpie only slightly stained his feathers, the crow covered in the mud. As for the crow, as in all Indigenous Australian totems, it is known for its cunning and intelligence, a trickster too, and old spirit with prescient knowledge or carrying old knowledge of many lifetimes (like reincarnation). Very powerful too, as in the totem itself is one of the ones with powerful natural magic, and depending on the language groups own mythology the holder of the totem will either carry great respect, or suspect.

Crow and Swamp Hawk – In another legend, Crow was travelling down the Murray River when he met Swamp Hawk. Deciding to play a trick on the other bird, he planted echidna quills in the deserted nest of a kangaroo rat and enticed Swamp Hawk to jump on them. The quills stuck and grew into Swamp Hawk’s feet, but the bird was pleased with this as he found he was now able to catch rats more easily. Some accounts have Crow ultimately leaving the earth altogether, having been called up into the heavens where he became Canopus, the second-brightest star in the night sky.

Crows attacking spirits on the way to the afterlife. The Yanyuwa people have a legend that says that as spirits of the dead approach the afterlife, they are attacked by crows carrying digging sticks. The crows are said to be angry with all people because people often chase them away from campsites when they scavenge. The spirits are saved by hawks and falcons.

Pacific Northwest Natives

Pacific Northwest Natives

Raven Tales are the traditional people and animals creation stories of the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast and are also found among Athabaskan-speaking peoples and others. Raven stories exist in nearly all of the First Nations throughout the region but are most prominent in the tales of the Tlingit and Tahltan people. Raven and eagle are known by many different names by many different peoples and is an important figure among written and oral traditional stories.

His tales are passed down through the generations of story tellers of the people and are of cultural and historical significance. It’s important to note that Native myths such as the Raven Tales, as opposed to tall tales and little stories for children, are not entertainment and are cultural property of the clan or individual that the story originates from. It is customary that others should not tell stories that are owned by another clan, especially if they do not live in the same area. While each culture’s stories of the Raven are different, there are even those that share the same title; certain attributes of Raven remain the same.

The Raven is always a magical creature able to take the form of human, animal, even inanimate objects. He is a keeper of secrets, and a trickster often focused on satisfying his own gluttony for whatever he desires. His stories tell of how worldly things came to be or offer suggestion to children on how to behave. Raven’s creative nature shows itself through circumstance rather than intent, through the desire to satisfy his own needs, rather than any altruistic principles. Raven is both the protagonist among the stories of some groups, and the antagonist of others; he is a hero and an amusement. Tales that feature the Raven as the hero are specific to areas in the north of the continent such as northern British Columbia and Alaska and their peoples, such as the Tsimshian and the Haida.

While Raven tales tell the origins of human beings, they do not address the origins of organized society. In tales which mirror development and organization of Native American societies, the hero is often humanity itself. Raven tales do not offer a detailed picture about the social relations and realities of life. ng the seashore all alone but would stop whenever he came upon a village. When he met people whom he saw take disadvantage of others or use their power for evil, he would kill in his efforts to deprive them of power.

Raven traveled for many years along the coast of the Tlingit territory, first travelling south, having started in the north until he had gone so far south, beyond Tlingit territory until he reached the Mink people at which point he turned around and continued back the other direction. He did this north south, south north journey for several years. Not until his work along the coast was done, did he head inland along the Stikine river all the way to its source. He also traveled along the Nass, Skeena, and Taku Rivers and all of their many streams never staying in one place for very long and never traveling far off from the water ways.

Through his inland journeys he met the Kaska, the Haida, and other nations to the east. Later in life, when Raven had done all the work he could do, he traveled back out to the coastal regions guided by the setting Sun until he disappeared mysteriously. The only suggestion is that he may have gone to live with the Kanu’gu and other ancient ancestors on an island far out into the ocean where they believed weather was created from.

The cult of Mithras

Paganism, then into History or World Mythology

The cult of Mithras is one of the earlier Pagan cultures of the Persians, and one of the most widespread and mysterious of the world’s cults. They’re mentioned as far back as the writings of Plutarch, but we know relatively little about what actually went on in their rites and rituals which tells us they were Grandmother shamanic cultures in their beginnings.

What we do know, however, is that the Raven played an integral part in the cult’s mythos. Mithras is credited with killing the sacred bull which was the destruction of the shamanic cultures, and, in doing so, creating life from the different parts of the bull. In many depictions of the moment of killing and creation, a raven is perched on the bull’s back.

For those who were initiated into the cult of Mithras, there were several levels through which they could progress. The lowest level, whose members were little more than servers during ritual feats, was called Raven (corax). Raven’s role in nature was messenger and as scavenger—these new initiates into the cult were scavengers of the thoughts, ideas, and knowledge of others, and it was also the raven were messegers for the Mithras, gathering information in the same way.

In Greek mythology, ravens are the ancestors of prophecy according to the political Apollo cult, and was victory for the rising kingdoms that overthrew first the tribes (shamanism) and then the pagans, this is why it became a symbol of good luck, success and messengers in the mortal world of trouble brewing. In the cult of Apollo also had a white raven (and crow) and they were used as spies against women, it was once Athena’s totem along with the owl but that had changed and only became symbolic rather than shamanic animism.

Ravens and crows in animism shape-shifting can be both shadowy or light. The demonic ravens and crows, whose animism souls have turned, because of the shadow human, will hang out in larger groups, especially those who are warriors gone bad.

The raven in Hebrew, are the first species of birds to be mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, and ravens are mentioned on numerous occasions thereafter. In the Book of Genesis, Noah releases a raven from the ark after the great flood to test whether the waters have receded (Gen. 8:6-7). In men’s laws, the Law of Moses, ravens are forbidden for food (Leviticus 11:15; Deuteronomy 14:14), a fact that may have colored the perception of ravens in later sources.

 

Raven from the Sutton Hoo shield Anglo SaxonIn Sweden or the Viking cults, Ravens were known as the ghosts of murdered people, be that from war and the military or from individual mishaps. In later paganism, the Vikings came, and in their Nordic traditions Odin appear flanked with two birds on a 6th-century bracteate and on a 7th-century helmet plate from Vendel, Sweden. In later Norse mythology, Odin is depicted as having two ravens Huginn and Muninn serving as his eyes and ears.

Huginn being referred to as thought and Muninn as memory.Each day the ravens fly out from Hliðskjálf and bring Odin news from Midgard. The Old English word for a raven was hræfn; in Old Norse it was hrafn; the word was frequently used in combinations as a kenning for bloodshed and battle. Which means in Religious and Pagan eras, the black was seen as a masculine attribute for killing and war.

Chinese Mythology and Legend

The three-legged raven or crow is commonly found in mythology and art of East Asia, specifically China, Japan and Korea. The bird inhabits and is a representative of the sun. It is a bird ancestor the earliest forms is a tripedal footed crow still found in modern-day China. 3 legged crowEvidence of this earliest bird, was the Sun-Bird motif (animism ancestors) or totems, excavations from around 5000 bce from the lower Yangtze River delta area. This Sun-Bird was also observed in later Yangshao and Longshan Cultures. The Chinese have several versions Sun Crow tales. But the most popular depiction and myth of the Sun crow is that of the Yangwu or Jinwu, the “golden crow”. According to folklore, there were originally ten Sun-Ravens or Sun-Crows which settled in ten separate suns. They perched on a red mulberry tree called the Fusang, literally meaning “the leaning mulberry tree”, in the East at the foot of the Valley of the Sun.

This mulberry tree (some say hibiscus), was said to have many mouths opening from its branches. Each day one of the sun crows would be able to travel around the world on a carriage, driven by Xihe the ‘mother’ of the suns. As soon as one sun crow returned, another one would set forth in its journey crossing the sky. According to Shanhaijing, the sun crows loved eating two sorts of mythical grasses of immortality, one called the Diri (Chinese: 地日; pinyin: dìrì), or “ground sun”, and the other the Chunsheng (Chinese: 春生; pinyin: chūnshēng), or “spring grow”.

The sun ravens would often descend from heaven on to the earth and feast on these grasses, but Xihe did not like this thus she covered their eyes to prevent them from doing so. Folklore also held that, at around 2170 bce, all ten sun crows came out on the same day, causing the world to burn; These are celebrated in the Mid-Autumn Festival for variants of this legend.

In Chinese mythology and culture, the three-legged crow is called the “sanzuwu” and is present in many myths. The earliest known depiction of a three-legged crow appears in Neolithic pottery of the Yangshao culture dated from around 5000 to 3000 bce.  The culture flourished mainly in the provinces of Henan, Shaanxi and Shanxi. The sanzuwu is also of the “Twelve Medallions” that is used in art, fashion, sacred robes, etc. Mural from the Han dynasty period found in Henan province depicting a three-legged raven.

 
Western Han silk painting funeral procession banner found in the Mawangdui Han tomb of Lady Dai (d. 168 bce), depicting the lunar three-legged toad and moon rabbit and the solar three-legged crow. The most popular depiction and myth of a sanzuwu is that of a sun crow called the Yangwu or more commonly referred to as the Jīnwū or “golden crow”. Even though it is described as a crow or raven, it is usually colored red instead of black.
 

f46ffd9de8bf0384f5ea3c26c8401c71In Chinese mythology, there are other three-legged creatures besides the crow, for instance, the yu 魊 “a three-legged tortoise that causes malaria”.  The three-legged crow symbolizing the sun has a yin yang counterpart in the chánchú 蟾蜍 “three-legged toad” symbolizing the moon (along with the moon rabbit). According to an ancient tradition, this toad is the transformed Chang’e lunar deity who stole the elixir of life from her husband Houyi the archer, and fled to the moon where she was turned into a toad.


The Fènghuáng is commonly depicted as being two-legged but there are some instances in art in which it has a three-legged appearance. Xi Wangmu (Queen Mother of the West) is also said to have three green birds (Chinese: 青鳥; pinyin: qīngniǎo) that gathered food for her and in Han-period religious art they were depicted as having three legs. In the Yongtai Tomb dating to the Tang Dynasty Era, when the Cult of Xi Wangu flourished, the birds are also shown as being three-legged.
 

Korea – Three-legged crow flanked by dragon and phoenix. In Korean mythology, it is known as Samjok-o (hangul: 삼족오; hanja: 三足烏). During the period of the Goguryo kingdom, the Samjok-o was considered a symbol of the sun. The ancient Goguryo people thought that a three-legged crow lived in the sun while a turtle lived in the moon. Samjok-o was a highly regarded symbol of power, thought superior to both the dragon and the Korean bonghwang.

 

Although the Samjok-o is mainly considered the symbol of Goguryeo, it is also found in Goryeo and Joseon dynasty. In modern Korea, Samjok-o is still found especially in dramas such as Jumong. The three-legged crow was one of several emblems under consideration to replace the bonghwang in the Korean seal of state when its revision was considered in 2008.[15] The Samjok-o appears also in Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors FC’s current emblem. There are some Korean companies using Samjok-o as their corporate logos.

 

threeleggedbird_han_dynasty
 

Japan – In Japan, the crow, with its three legs is a common depictions of Yatagarasu, or “eight-span crow,” an enormous crow of divine purpose, which was most likely a thunderbird in origin. It is divine itself and an ancestral crow. The appearance of the great bird is construed as evidence of the will of Heaven or divine intervention in human affairs.

In Japan, the crow has also been a symbol of the sun since ancient times, appearing in Japan’s earliest written works. It is a holy creature and a servant of the sun goddess, Amaterasu.  Originally Yatagarasu was depicted with two legs, but in the 930’s ce, the Chinese myth of the three-legged crow made the bird smaller and with three legs and thus merged into the story of Yatagarasu.

Although Yatagarasu is mentioned in a number of places in Shintō, the depictions are primarily seen on more modern Edo wood art, dating back to the early 1800s wood-art era. Although not as celebrated today, the crow is a mark of rebirth and rejuvenation.

 

Yatagarasu as a crow-god in later history, is a symbol specifically of guidance. This great crow was sent from heaven as a guide for Emperor Jimmu on his initial journey from the region which would become Kumano to what would become Yamato, (Yoshino and then Kashihara). It is generally accepted that Yatagarasu is an incarnation of Taketsunimi no mikoto, but none of the early surviving documentary records are quite so specific.

magpie ‘the cunning prophet‘ , they are associated with divination, prophecy and the symbolism of bridges.

Magpie

As a totem, Magpie is known as ‘the cunning prophet‘ and they are associated with divination, prophecy and the symbolism of bridges, walking from one world into the other and back. Its called the heavenly bridge which takes great strength and many dangers to overcome.

Magpies represent risk taking and come into our lives to help us use our instincts to our advantage which border the clever or even stealthy.  It represents the ability to balance, not only of physical, but the balancing of any strong opposites in our life.  The taking of joy in personal change, to let go the old and find the new with confidence and clarity.  Intelligence, adaptability and success are all traits of the magpie.

In Bulgarian, Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Russian and Slovak folklore the magpie is seen as a trickster and thief and is connected with human interactions and other animals which live around humans, wild and domestic.

In Slavic traditions, the Soroka, Wehtitsa-Magpie is considered a dangerous bird that is connected to the werewolf; and the shape shifting of a witch into a bird. The good witches can be harbinger, or fortuneteller.  Soroka is one of the usual forms of a witch, a mention that is constantly encountered in historical and literary writings. Witches as magpies fly home at night and steal still unborn babies, which of course is why Baba Jaga images always have a magpie in her stories and artwork. Of course that is all religious nonsense and corruptions to hurt pagans.

In Sweden, it is with Nordic pagan witches as one of their totems. Magpie is considered cunning and thievish, but also the bird of huldra, the underground people. Magpies have been attacked for their role as predators, which includes eating other birds’ eggs and their young. They are the ultimate trickster, much more than crow and raven. But there is no real evidence of effects, that as predators they dwindle songbird population growth rates.

In Europe, magpies have been historically demonized by humans, mainly as a result of superstition and myth. The bird has found itself in this situation mainly by association, says Steve Roud: “Large blackbirds, like crows and ravens, are viewed as evil in British folklore and white birds are viewed as good”. These are based on medieval European folklore, associated with a number of superstitions and surrounding its reputation as an omen of ill fortune.

In Scotland, a magpie near the window of the house is said to foretell death. In Korea, where the magpie is celebrated as “a bird of great good fortune, of sturdy spirit and a provider of prosperity and development” is a very positive omen. Similarly, in China, magpies are seen as an omen of good fortune and good luck. This is even reflected in the Chinese word for magpie, simplified Chinese: 喜鹊; traditional Chinese: 喜鵲; pinyin: xǐquè, in which the first character means “happiness”.

The thief, the cunning prophet or good luck omen, Magpie certainly plays both sides of shadow and light, and challenges your personal belief and folklore.

The Qixi Festival, also known as the Qiqiao Festival, is a Chinese festival that celebrates the annual meeting of the cowherd and weaver girl in Chinese mythology. It falls on the seventh day of the 7th month on the Chinese calendar. It is sometimes called the Double Seventh Festival, the Night of Sevens or the Magpie Festival.

The festival originated from the romantic legend of two lovers, Zhinü and Niulang, who were the weaver maid and the cowherd, respectively. The tale of The Weaver Girl and the Cowherd has been celebrated in the Qixi Festival since the Han Dynasty.[8] The earliest-known reference to this famous myth dates back to over 2600 years ago, which was told in a poem from the Classic of Poetry. The Qixi festival inspired Tanabata festival in Japan and Chilseok festival in Korea.

 
References: wiki, A shaman (goddess) on a horse with a bird on her shoulders. VII-VIII centuries. Kurgan of Cherdynsky district, Perm region. Bronze Permian Animism; heartmoonblog.com, aboriginal eaglehawk and crow, aboriginal rock art; Susa Morgan Black @ http://www.druidry.org/library/library/animal-lore-raven, magpie art: https://www.etsy.com/listing/206123540/magpie-otherworld-nordic-bird-viking; W. Bogoras. (1902) “The Folklore of Northeastern Asia, as Compared with That of Northwestern America” American Anthropologist, 4:4, pp. 577-683. Jump up ^ Menovschikov, G.A. (1974) Сказки и мифы народов Чукотки и Камчатки (Tales and myths of the people of Chukotka and Kamchatka) Nauka, Moscow. 636 pp. (in Russian) Jump up ^ S.P. Krasheninninkov (1972) Description of the Land of Kamchatka E.A.P Crownhart-Vaughan, (trans.) Portland: Oregon Historical Society. (originally published in 1755). D. Koester (2002) “When the fat raven sings: mimesis and environmental alterity in Kamchatka’s environmental age.” in People and the Land, Pathways to Reform in Post-Soviet Siberia, ed. E. Kasten. Berlin: Dietrich Reiner Verlag. W. Jochelson (1908). The Koryak. Leiden, E.J. Brill. D.S. Worth (1961). Kamchadal Texts Collected by W. Jochelson ‘s Gravenhage: Mouton.

The Women of Water

Yuriy Ivanovich Starodubov.png

Doris of Greek mythology is an Oceanid, her name represents the bounty of the sea as she is a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Doris was mother to the fifty ‘Nereids’ including Thetis, who is was mother of Achilles and Amphitrite. The ‘Sea Nymphs’ are the three thousand daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys, and each are a spirit guardian of a particular Spring, Pond, Lake, River, Sea, Rain and Clouds.

Nymphs and Nereids are not human, they are spirit guardians of nature. Through the journey of humankind over thousands of years, they have been portrait by artists as young maidens. But its wise to remember that they are spirit guardians of water, especially if you are fond of doing ceremony with water. Doris when not associated with a god, is considered the fertility of the ocean, of the rich fishing-grounds found at the mouths of any rivers where fresh water mingled with the brine of the ocean.

Being an Oceanid meant she is the Spirit Guardian where the Ocean and River meet.

Her name is derived from two words:
Dôron meaning the “gift” or “abundance”
Zôros meaning the “pure” and “unmixed”

Zôros was often used to describe fresh water in terms of the pure soul of a woman (enlightened in todays terms), and from this derived words such as zôrua “the transference of flowing water” or the purification processes of the living source (within) and zôrux “water conduit” which meant the connection to the source.

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The Sea Nymph Okyrhoe
“swift running and fast flowing”

Okyrhoe’s father was Chiron, wisest of the Horse clan (Centaurs) and her mother was the water nymph Chariklo. Okyrhoe main gift of healing and prophecy, both waking and dreaming. In one of the myths, Chiron was entrusted by Apollo to care for a baby named Aesculapiu and so he brought the child to his cave. Okyrhoe came out to greet him, and upon seeing the child burst forth into his prophecy:

“Grow strong, dear boy, healer of all the world. Often to you, Men shall owe health and life, and yours shall be the rites of the departed souls. And, though you dare this once in heaven’s despite, Jove’s bolt will thwart that gift a second time. You, now divine, shall be a lifeless corpse, and from a corpse become divine again, and twice born, you shall renew your destiny and fate.”

In this, she predicted that the baby would grow up to be one of the greatest healers able to bring the dead back to life (the dead karmic soul aspects) or what is termed transformational healing today, death and rebirth medicines. But in doing this, he would eventually anger the gods, who would strike him down and yet even within that, the Fates who were stronger than any God, would bring him back to life, and thus he would be reborn.

Emanuela Comito.jpgOkyrhoe was a Prophet, but the ruling men of the day had used maidens gifts for their own advancement in the building of their kingdoms and were punished if it didn’t serve these ruling classes. If she broke the rules, she suffered for it. One day, she predicted that her father, would be granted death by the other gods because the pain of a serpent’s venom would torment his soul (in order to heal it). But she only was able to speak part of the prophecy:

“And from her deepest heart sighed, and tears ran down her cheeks; she said: “The Fates halted my speech. I am allowed to say no more. What good was there in having learned this art, if now it only draws the wrath of men against me? Would I not be better off without the power to predict the course of days to come? I can already sense that they are stripping all my human semblance.” (Ovid’s Metamorphoses of woman’s story of their corruption by the new clans of pagan and religious men). She was a maiden, she was not an adult woman nor a grandmother, so she could not protect nor defend herself from the abuse.

Its wise to remember when working with mythology of the Goddess, that these ancient goddess names were born forth from the elements like fire, water, wind… they were not “human” they were the spirit of the elemental. Its also wise to remember that the Greeks (or any writers that were men in any tradition on earth around the 2nd bce to 2nd ce centuries), made symbolism of the real soul and its emotional experiences non-existent when equating it to emotional sensitivities and their deeper meanings of real human beings, especially women.

Ancient Theater back then like today, did bring forth the actions of emotional embodiment into a living process but it was during the destruction of the feminine, the female in cultures, and the soul which was then eventually overtaken by mind-body cultures. The dreaming tree died.  But, it has been the artists, the philosophers, actors and women scholars over the ages who have not only brought back the symbolic meaning into the actions of our real soul and our emotional meaningful past (that was deemed either hysterical or over sterile) throughout history, but it was not.

by Branislav JovanovićOriginal mythologies spoken through oral traditions, folk stories and folk legends of women are centered around Symbolism, Dreaming and the Creative Art processes giving a real life communications to our soul’s life.  The real living ‘waters’ or actions to the soul to our human story outside of pain and suffering and outside the perimeters of war, kingdoms and conquering which caused that suffering.

Source: Water Maiden (Nymph) painting by Yuriy Ivanovich Starodubov; Water Lantern on the Coast by Branislav Jovanović; http://www.zanestein.com (Ocyrhoe myths); Emanuela Comito

Marzanna – Spring 2017

Our Elder Mountain’s video of the “Burning of Marzanna”, its a little long! Marzanna was put into the Magical pond here and she burned very rapidly, intense and fast this year, compared to last year. It was as if a wind whirl came, but there was hardly any wind to fuel the fire at that intensity. I then hung a Russian decorated Egg on our life tree afterwards… Spring is here and let the New Year (mother earths) year begin!

If you join us next year in making your Marzanna, the instructions are here and let us know your making one:

https://eldermountaindreaming.com/2016/03/21/folk-traditions-of-burning-marzanna-transformation-from-winter-to-spring-goddess/

~Phoenix

Slavic & Balkan Traditions: Marzanna (Polish), Morė (Lithuania), Morana (Czech, Bulgaria, Slovene, Serbian, Bosnia, Croatia), Morena (Slovak, Macedonia), Maslenitsa (Russia), Mara (Belarus, Ukraine), Maržena, Moréna, Mora or Marmora is a Baltic/Slavic goddess of the seasonal rites of death and rebirth of nature and woman. All prehistory goddesses associated with Grandmother stage of Winter’s death, then the rebirth of dreams and Maiden and Mother’s stages of Kostroma, Lada and Vesna represents Spring.

Mother of Goddess – Matushka Zemlia

Katya Filippova

Matushka Zemlia
Poem by Phoenix of Elder Mountain

Blessings upon me from the Mother of the Moist Earth from whom my Soul and the Children of the Souls are all born. I take your hand as you are the binding that weaves the river into matter, into me. There is nothing false about any Mother Goddess and all she contains, she is the great Creator of Life, the Supreme Goddess of Humanity.

Great Mother of the dark fertile earth, who shines the light of the Sun, so we can honor all of your blessings and abundance. We call to you great Mother (earth), your names are Mati Syra Zemila, Mokosh and Matka, who guides your wisest ones to speak with the animals, the plants or even a single leaf. The greatest magic of the flower and the clouds, the spirit of the wind and the water, the snow, rain, fog and mist all come forth into your mystical children.

We breath in this magic, we honor your gift of prophesy and reincarnation, the house where our souls rest. Mother in our heart, may we, your children bring Joy to your gardens of love.

Image of the Goddess and Daughter by Katya Filippova

The Wolves of Midwinter – Rites of Romania and the forgotten Rites of Pre-history Animism

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Compilation of Ancient Romanian Folk Culture Traditions & Animism of Shamanism shares by Phoenix of Elder Mountain – This article is about the Romanian traditions of folklore rituals and shamanic connections with the Animism of the Wolf Clan people. But can animism can be applied to any tradition around the world, because the animism soul is cross culture of an older time before paganism or goddess eras. We do not get to chose our animism soul(s), its like dna of our physical body, its already predisposition at birth. The eternal soul in its light and shadow is eternal, both human form and animism for, from our own ancient souls. Even sorcerers who are all puff and smoke in their projection of an animal, is no match for those shamans who ‘are’ the wild animal soul (devoid of any human, its personality or its human soul) in their shape shifting.

I divided this article to a simple basic history of the ancient wolf people called the Dacian Tribes; The realm of shape-shifters of animism and its past life karmic loss; Wolves who turn into werewolves and why; and one of my shamanic ceremony similar to the folklore; and lastly, a dream of wolf by a maiden and youth who I know and their story with my intervention as a dreamer (shaman).

Romania, as I have discovered, never lost its connection with nature and especially to its forests, its “forest woman spirits,” to its wolf, bear and other inhabitants that populate the pantheon governing early animistic beliefs. Villagers, past and present-still, remain faithful to such symbols knowing that “She” protects and preserves the fertility and creation of all those who inhabit this cosmic space. The magic of life generated by these great forests resonates in the passages shared with us in the “Folk Almanac.”As we read them, they become instantly recognizable, and fascinating, as an unending umbilical cord stretching back into Neolithic or even Paleolithic times.

Romania has two specific ancient animal traditions that are still celebrated in Winter Rituals, one is the Wolf and the other the Bear. The more ancient Dacian tribes, the Kingdom of Dacia was a territory encompassing today’s Romania and the lands adjacent to it. The Dacians were one of Eastern Europe’s indigenous peoples who never left their inherited lands. Like most indigenous people including the white indigenous clans who were eradicated first, some small groups survived. The Dacia did not survive, but they showed a religious syncretism between the Wolf, the Dragon and the Serpent. Because they were indigenous and voiced their story traditions rather than written languages, little is know about them today. Fortunately, part of their history is written in stone.

Singer Ruslana and a Beautiful Polish Wolf

The Wolf Clan Dacian people also called themselves “Wolves” and the legends says they were shape-shifters who changed from human into wolves (animism) and back again. They had an ancestral spirit wolf guardian, a big white wolf who in the end when war came, had to fight next to the Dacians when their capital Sarmizegetusa fell to the Romans. Rome was also a wolf clan as well, but the earlier Etruscans were not. Rome brought in a symbol of the more aggressive and war like wolf as a symbol. Dacians were a diligent people, who thrived in the lands in and around the Carpathian Mountains of what we now call Romania.

“Our Peasants will end in life after life, but men of Empires and Wars will end in death after death. Angels wear Joy, while Men wear Empire Clothing and will wear Mourning.” ~Romanian Petre Tuțea.

dade6fc0df2b953b34031e506a3ce0c6Modern Romania is a merging of two principalities named Wallachia and Moldova who were independent tribes and they joined as one in 1859. In 1877, Romania gained independence and four years later, Romania became a kingdom (constitutional monarchy) and enjoyed decades of stability and progress. The nation itself was only officially established in 1918 – the year that all three principalities, Wallachia, Moldova and Transylvania came together. In 1947, King Mihai I was ousted from power and what followed was half a century of communist rule and repression. After the 1989 Revolution, Romania parted with the communist past and in 2007 became a member of the European Union. Although Romania has always consisted of a large majority of their own ethnic Romanians, the ethnic minorities that settled over the centuries during the upheaval of changes of the 1800s, and they have all influenced the social, economic and ethnographic landscape. (http://www.folkwearsociety.com)

“Eternity was born in the Village” says one of the most famous quotes by Romanian philosopher and poet Lucian Blaga. In his poem “The Soul of the Village” he talks about the scenery of the Romanian village and its connection to the Romanian peasant, where “every thought is slower, and the heart beats more slowly, as if it beats not in your breast – but deep down somewhere in the earth”.

The feminine and female mythical connections and representations related to Dochia of Romania was their honoring of the Neolithic Mother Goddess who dies starting late Autumn and is then Reborn on Spring Equinox. In our Slavic traditions we called her Marzanna and Morena and she is in honor of this ancient tradition that is still performed today in a more simplified way. I do ceremony and ritual with Marzanna that starts on the Autumn equinox and she is done with shamanic ritual and then put on the lands at the Winter Solstice and then burned on the Spring Equinox for specific intention of my shamanic rites.

The Dochia is the old and powerful grandmother who is connected to the prehistory and primal earth. Beginning with Dochia’s Day, March 9th, the equinox of the old almanac and the female representations of divinity are grouped into their three generations (Triple Goddess): The Old Goddess (Grandmother) Dochia; Mother Goddesses: Mary the Virgin, the Woods Mother and the Caloian’s Mother; and Maiden Goddesses: Floriile, Sanzienele, Dragaicele, Lazaritele, Ielele.

Edward Kinsella

The Wolves of Midwinter

Their are two Saint (modern traditions) associated with the older Pagan wolves, the first was the night of Saint Andrews is a legacy passed down from the Romanian ancestors, the Dacians, or wolf warriors as they were known given their battle symbol in the figure of the wolf headed dragon, a custom shrouded in mysticism. Old legends say that the wolves accompanied the warriors and that the one who was their leader watched over apostle Andrew through the wilderness of Dobrogea to the sacred Grandmother Cave that was offered to him as shelter.

The Wolves of Midwinter – Another legend of the winter traditions but much later than the Dracians is the peasant villager, specifically the Shepherds of Romanian.  A folk almanac was compiled by Romanian writer Ion Ghinoiu and I will share below. I make a note, that the Serbians Peasant Villagers also are a wolf clan people, who also have a strong prehistory connected to the wolf clan as well that still remains in smaller rituals of villagers by the elder women, the men’s wolf ritual dance circle and the whole community,  in a positive way of their relationship to their Midwinter Wolves.

dacian-woman-carrying-the-ancient-symbol-of-her-people-the-wolf“The She-Wolf”
by Vedan Kolod

In the darkness, in its very deep in the Taiga (forest), the Broad Taiga (forest) there’s an old Tree and under that tired old Tree, the mighty She-Wolf dreams a Dream.

She was the leader of her wolves’ pack, she was the wise Queen of the frost stunned Siberian Taiga. But her bones became weak when era’s had passed, and the death is flying above her head.

She-wolf is old and tired and wolves’ howls freeze in the air.
She can only dream a dream of her children running free.

The Wolves of Midwinter is a prehistory Shamanic relationship to nature through her animals and those of us who are old souls who carry the lineage of an animal, avian, insect (fairy) or oceanid soul which today are very underdeveloped because of our karma of past lives of destruction during the last three millenniums. These ways which were fully active before the Patriarch, which was then carried into ancient Paganism, and then into  their last destruction of the Christianized influences. In some Slavic and Balkan traditions these were more of a confluence with paganism and Christianity which helped preserve the stories.

One of these mergings is the celebration called Sânpetru which falls around the third moon of winter (January 16-20) also called the Wolves of Saint Peter. The folk tradition tells us that the Wolves gather in packs at howling places where they start singing to call their great divinity (mother earth, then god, then saint) to distribute their share of prey to which they are entitled for a whole year.

 This divine one arrives at midnight on a white horse and allots each wolf its prey: a lamb, a sheep, a deer, rabbit or a human. The wolves would spare no morsel of the shares promised. The story is told of a shepherd being curious to see how wolves meet their divinity. To find out he climbed up to a howling place in broad daylight, and hides himself among the branches of a high fir-tree. After the wolves had gathered and howled their calling, Saint Peter arrived on a white horse and quietly distributed the prey to each, but before the end of the meeting, a lame wolf came limping. Seeing him, Saint Peter barked at him: Since you didn’t come on time, you should eat that human over there, hiding in the fir-tree. Within a year’s time, the curious shepherd was eaten by the lame wolf. (19 Ghinoiu, 1997, p. 45).

nedeia-wolves

Myth narrates a sacred history; it relates an event that took place in primordial time. In short, myths describe the various and sometimes dramatic breakthroughs of the sacred (or the “supernatural”) into the world. It is this sudden breakthrough of the sacred that really establishes the world and makes it what it is today.  ~Romanian Mircea Eliade

 

Because Romanian culture like most older pagan and shamanic cultures didn’t live by sun calendars in pagan times, they lived diligently by the seasons and divided winter into several rituals and ceremonies and the “Wolves of Midwinter” was one of them. The Peasants say if they give back to the middle of winter, then winter will give back in the form of returning spring on time. Sânpetru believers say that the wolves were and still are an intricate part of the cycle of winter and a protection against evil.

a-shepherd-wears-a-coat-known-as-a-subaIn the Folk Almanac, the winter was a time of magic and charms; foreseeing the weather and how rich the new year will be. At this time, it is believed that the Heavens open and animals speak and that treasures burn. In reaction to this, purifying magical practices, hallowed waters (consecration by the priests) and rituals are predominant.

In North-Eastern Transylvania, they light fires (Ardeasaâ in Bucovina); spreading of bad-smelling substances; fumigating people, cattle and household. In their fight against evil spirits people got help from the “Midwinter Wolves” which they say are able to see the demons and chase them and tear them with their teeth. Frightened by the wolves, the devils jumped into waters and those men who were brave enough jumped after them.

Priests would throw their hallow waters with consecrated water and would throw in the cross driving away evil spirits is also horse running or horse chasing. Once every year in Midwinter the two rivals: the Wolf and the Horse, the former being master over winter and the latter being master of summer, fight for a common cause, namely driving away the demons and devils.

January 29 is the Winter “Phillipies─ (phillipies) are divinities who protect wolves and are celebrated by shepherds until the beginning of February. In the Folk Almanac the Winter Phillipies mark the end of a long mating period for wolves, having started about eighty days before in Autumn.

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The Carpathian Mountains where white Indigenous still live (Hustul, Lemko and Romanians).

Ancient Romanian “Nedeia Wolves” (Night Wolves)

Similar to the Winter Ceremony Sânpetru, the Romanians say that in the middle of the night, the “Nedeia Wolves” around Midwinter or a month after Winter Solstice, the Night Wolves come to gather to get their share of food for the whole year. The deity or saint rides the white horse, bringing offerings to wolves. That when the wolf clans gather, they howl and gather usually at the crossroads:

“We are going to eat the sheep of this village” but tonight, at the midwinter, one important night of the year, guided by the divine Peasants leave good out for the wolves to honor them. Then the Priest (and what used to be the Grandmothers but were forbidden after Religion came), is that they put their sheep in the stables with belief that their animals will now be guarded by wolves all year long.

taranii-nostri-our-peasants

“The Romanian Book of the Dead, another landmark of spiritual culture of the Carpato-Danubian people, contains sacred texts initiating the soul of the dead into a mythical journey on the path separating this earthly world from the world beyond. These texts are sung by a women’s choir at particular places and at significant moments of the funeral ceremony. The messages are addressed to the dead, to the goddesses of destiny (Zorile) and to the surviving husband. The Goddess of Death appears in the shape of a bird of prey (the kite, the raven, the vulture) or as a goddess that looks human (the Old Fairy, the Virgin Mary, Mother Irodia).

The texts to the songs contain, one by one, providential guides (the wolf, fox, or otter), well intentioned customs, as personified means of orientation (the willow tree in bud, the apple tree in blossom), psychopomp characters (the horse, the stag) and finally, in the world beyond, the dead person’s relatives.”

One last note…  because Ukraine is along the border of Romania, it too has wolf lore, but those are later Pagan era’s when the focus was only on men and male gods. In Ukraine the “white wolf” is connected to Lesovik, a Forest Spirit who was previously probably god of the forests and before that a shamanistic grandmother or female forest soul; this spirit is often called, among other names, “the wolf’s shepherd”. It’s important to note that the motif of a wolf chasing after the Moon exists in both Nordic and Slavic along with Romanian mythology. The ancient Nordic peoples believed that a wolf called Hati is chasing after the Moon, which he will devour when he finally catches up with it, creating thus a lunar eclipse.

Symbolically this means when the seasons change (eclipses), our moon, which is our soul, catches up with us at each solar and lunar eclipse if we do not do emotional work. For many, this has now accumulated for decades and thus our diseases come faster and are more and more serious.

rubrum-lepus-russian-illustrator-6

Animism Part 1: The Fragmented, then Lost Souls of our Animism Rites

Animism is rare around on earth today and pretty much was shut down between the first century ce and the 13th century or the dark ages. It’s rare because people living today, accrued their real karma of their past lives during those centuries. It wasn’t because we fell asleep, although that is a part of it, our animism souls were destroyed by the constant suffering from rising war cults of the Patriarch (Religion, Military and Science.) Each war or wars we went through in our past lives accrued in losses, be it a victim or a soldier of fortune. The stresses, strains, loss of community and rape effected all indigenous whites, reds, black, yellow and brown peoples.

 

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My focus is to always help others to understand that relearning of our relationship to our shamanistic purity and our karmic soul, its relationship to our emotional body (at both our instinct levels and our lack of boundaries) and their relationship to nature (non plant non drug shamanism). Our personal and our real past life karma binds these two parts of our soul inside of us, sometimes both (the emotional body and the soul astral body) are not even merged together and separate, which makes it even harder to heal. The animism and other souls we have which are not our human aspects – do not live in this world, they live in the dream worlds (energy fields across the veil from us) which is less than five inches away energetically and remain there in the first gate of the middle worlds of earth.

imagesAnimism is also a lifelong “sober” dedication. When we are young and pure, we may have a glimpse or shape shift a few times, but after 30 (first Saturn return) its a different story and most of that is lost as the gates to youth and childhood close). Many also have trauma in childhood and this too effects the animal souls destruction and loss. After the first saturn return, we enter adulthood and this is where karma and karmic purification of our next 30 years begins. Most people, even spiritual people live regular lives and are not in a constant state of crisis that occurs with karmic purification, or what people refer to as the dark night of the soul. One dark night can seem like ten years and in actual work, the crisis can last from ten to thirty years of the dark night for the devout spiritual persons journey.

Since the early 70s, many things have been superimposed onto shamanism that really is not a part of shamanism and animism. Even Plant shamanism is new on earth (only since the 1500s), but opinions of those who do them for ten or twenty years will try to convince you otherwise. Just try to stay sober when dealing with shamanic reality, that will pay of after fifty or sixty with better health.

Part 2: My Ritual Shamanic purification work with Animism

Wolves in nature have a hierarchy and a complex family and so do wolf clan people. Much of the issues that arise is complex family issues that need to be addressed and healed and takes a long time for such work to play out. I just completed a six month ceremony a few weeks ago on a local werewolf and aware of who it’s human is and he has a complex, very complex issue in relationships in regard to family. In animism, the soul of the animal, bird etc. can be possessed by the human karmic shadow astral body (demon) which would then turn a wolf into werewolf.

Because our shadow human body is in the underworld or free and roaming the dream planes, the mystical connections between our light or dark soul and our animal soul has an evolution that started long ago from the past and its past lives. That is the simple explanation.

%d0%bf%d1%80%d0%b8%d0%bb%d0%b5%d0%bf-%d1%80%d0%b5%d0%b3%d0%b8%d0%be%d0%bd-bulgaria-prilep-regionI was surprised when I found this folk almanac today, that was a Romanian shamanic custom which I was doing without knowing a few weeks ago. That made my day and brought a smile to my face. The story of the werewolf of my shamanic work started six months ago, as I began to hunt a werewolf shadow soul after it attacked me on the full moon on the land. I did most of my shamanic work in that Gemini moon cycle six months ago and when the Sagittarian Moon arrived (its opposition) in late November, early December, I waited for the signs in order to complete this job. Of all the work I have done that is not collective, but individual, the werewolf soul is by far the most dangerous.

Having finished most of the work, the werewolf shadow soul of this human was reduced into a smaller size (the raccoon) through the slaying, which carried what was left of the demonic human soul drastically reduced. After that work, again the chickens were killed in the Sagittarian Moon cycle but not eaten.

I then did the final ceremony with my apprentice to call both the Bobcat clan in and the Coyote clan who live close to us, to assist me in catching this raccoon, and I also said some intentional prayers asking the Ancestral bobcat and coyote clan ancestors to help as well. We left the ancestors and the bobcats and coyotes, all five of the chickens which had been killed at “Midwinter” as an offering. And for them to guard the remaining goats and chickens and honoring them for helping us. It took three days – but finally the bobcats and coyotes came and took all the dead chickens.

Yesterday the dead raccoon was on the road and the werewolf roaming the dreaming or energetic fields (in-between the veils) is slain completely now and its human counterpart, remains unharmed and untouched. I have done this job with two Skinwalkers and they were easy compared with the werewolf, but Skinwalkers are Coyotes, not Wolves. Wolf is a whole different complex system of clan, family and the more root of animism because of its complex social system. Up until now, as long as this human person’s demon owned his werewolf – he receive no karma, only other people have. That time is over now in his lifetime and he continues his path as a human without the power of the werewolf.

Lycan was an ancient Greek human who can shape shift into their animal soul (animism), lycan is a dark term, meaning werewolf, one whose soul has gone into killing but not having paid the karma by suffering themselves.

In my shamanic work I live by the ancient Slavic traditions and do my work according to that practice over the years along with the cycles of the moon as timing and synchronicity of my work. I live by the 1/2 Year of Fire (spring and summer) and the 1/2 Year of Night (autumn and winter). Wolves have just returned here  the Pacific Northwest, where I live, so eventually with their return, this shamanic origin ceremony will be preformed by me in the future if they come near the area, but I will still do it with coyotes and bobcats as well to honor them in Midwinter from here forth. To have a relationship with nature and its wildness is mandatory in the ways of respecting and honoring wolves, bears, coyotes etc.

Boris Zabirokhin

Part 3: Two High School Friends have a Dream

A high school Maiden gave me permission to share her dream, I will call her Cloud, her mother is one of my eldest Apprentices so she as daughter, who was familiar in the last six years of this type of work with her mom, the dos and don’ts…

Her Dream: Cloud went to help her friend Dex confront a giant black and red eyed demon when they dreamed together one night. She saw Dex shifting into a wolf partially, mostly just facial features, eyes, cheeks ears etc. Cloud remembers being in a house that she knew her mother was at in the dream with Dex. A great room with a huge kitchen counter island.

Dex was holding Cloud in a protective way as they hid under the counter facing a huge wooden door. There were lots of younger children and Cloud was telling them everything was ok and sending them out to different areas of the house. But when they were all gone she told Dex “we may die you know” and he said “yeah I know”. Then Cloud saw the bolts and screws holding the wooden door securely to be pounded by the other side of something that wanted in. They started to twist their way out on their own and she told Dex, that the huge demon was trying to get in and get them.

a0fd70654c6e28e5818066077c0371b5So Dex moved next to the door and hunkered down like a wolf, and that’s when she saw his face start to shift… he took off his shirt and she saw that he had a tattoo on his upper middle back that was healing, like it was done recently, like an iron cross type of design and two smaller tattoos on each shoulder blade. Then the door blew off the hinges and it slammed into Cloud pushing her against the wall and she saw the demon walk in. It was about 9 or 10 feet tall, red skin like a frogs skin and black marks on its face with an elongated pointed chin and large slanted red eyes and huge protruding muscles like the hulk.

She heard Dex scream her name in shock when she got slammed into the wall by the door and hearing him she popped out of the dream. She woke up, and she got out of bed crying and went to the bathroom and saw she had a red marks on her forehead where the door hit her in the dream.

My notes: Dex is in High School and does drugs weekly, because of that, he was weak in the dreaming, and lost power. Cloud is his best friend and that is why she showed up in his dream. Dex of course has a “undeveloped” shamanic wolf soul that is still pure, but now with someones demon interfering, that shadow wants to possess that part of Dex soul and once that happens, there is no longer any soul wolf that belongs to Dex this lifetime or future lifetimes.  He would become a werewolf.

If and when that happens if he doesn’t get sober, then he gains power, shadow and its demonic power and being so young, he won’t know the difference between good and evil, because the werewolf will entrap and control him in the dream realms that effects him and his relationships in this waking world.

The ego in this world then gains power until he or anyone meets someone like me… a dream shaman who is a dream huntress to slay the shadow and free the human. Dex has no power to fight this werewolf off. Regardless of what you hear out in the world, no one can fight a “real” demon until they have earned their second level soul animal or bird and can shape shift into it without any human soul interfering. Basically, Dex is about to loose his birth rite wolf, if he doesn’t stop doing drugs and I don’t find out who the werewolf is. In almost all cases, its someone in the family because wolf rules the archetypal structure of family.

My work of Dex and his Father George came next:

I completed this work recently (a few weeks after Dex coming to the near loss of his wolf soul) and I could do all the work in my dreams now that my 40 years of initiations as a death shaman (black shaman in Siberian terms) was completed. Dex’s father George, had a shadow past life demon who I call Blackie which I was following in the dreams over three nights to get more information. Blackie was gaining more and more power over George and George was encouraging his son Dex to do drugs, and stay out all night and party and it was getting worse and Dex was getting weaker and starting to lose part of his soul because of Blackie. He was also skipping school this past year and making it impossible for Cloud to have him in her space.

The werewolf of George, was still in a prison (not free to roam here or Dexs dream space) because Blackie the human demon of George had not possessed Dex yet, but was getting close and just across the threshold ready to come over and the transformation of loss was going to occur. This is the way it is all over the world, this tightly wound woundedness of lifetimes in the family of many people with gifts. Kids are  not trained, parents don’t believe and then it all becomes lost or the kid is put on medication or worse, the teen or young adult starts self medicating with pot, alcohol or shamanic drugs.

I went into the dreaming again on the forth night, and slayed the demon Blackie and sent him back to the underworld. Both father and son were freed and their behaviors will improve immediately. The father pushed away some of the dark people he had put in his son’s life and the son began a friendship of respect with Clouds within two weeks.

As of today, everything shifted once Blackie was sent back to the underworld and locked down never to return this lifetime, and werewolf was then out of everyone’s dreams and was pushed even further into the realm of the past, into the past life where the fathers wolf was overtaken (most likely the middle ages and a few centuries before where most of wolf clan men damage was done).  Werewolf had no power as long as the father’s demon Blackie was gone.

Forty years of initiation and training from real demonic activity makes my work very easy today, its done fast and complete.

“In life for those of the Wolf Clan
we feed the good wolf or we feed
the bad wolf’s demon human
who then frees the werewolf
to kill the wolf soul.”

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Those who are wolf clan people like the Romanians or Serbians take it very seriously but the demonic scourge of all military on earth and their wars for any reasons – destroys this indigenous aspect of all of us who are willing to suffer and heal our karma. 

The werewolf is one of the darkest and most powerful karmic animism souls to deal with and this destruction from wolf into werewolf began with the rising powers of the Kingdoms and Chiefs of earth from accumulated individual karma. It first began in the spread of the war cults such as Rome, Greece, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Germany, Jerusalem, North Africa (Egypt), Iraq or any country that built a religious-wars over the last 5,000 years. America was only the last to join the ranks.

“In ancient Arcadia, it certainly seems to be have been an important center of wolf worship. The story of king Lykaon leads us to Zeus Lykaios (another Arcadian “wolf god” who was Apollo Lykaios). Zeus Lykaios is the “Wolf Zeus”. In his honor, a religious festival called the Lykaia was celebrated on Mount Lykaion, the “wolf mountain.”

A historical example of where the wolf soul of a human being is destroyed and lost, and the werewolf becomes part of the man, and he returns much stronger and ten times more powerful…

“Regarding these sacrifices during the Lykaia, we are also having the incredible story of an Olympic boxing champion that Pausanias (6.8.2) tells us: “Damarchus, an Arcadian of Parrhasia, (…) who 5614b4a09aaadc89f2feeed7afd221cbchanged his shape into that of a wolf at the sacrifice to Zeus Lykaios, and how nine years after he became a man again”. He allegedly was turned into a wolf after he ate the flesh of a boy that was sacrificed to Zeus Lykaios by the Arcadians; Pausanias, writing in the Roman period, tell us that he “cannot believe what the romancers say about him [i.e. Damarchus]”.

Pliny’s Natural History (NH 8.34): “Agriopas (…) informs us that Demænetus, the Parrhasian, during a sacrifice of human victims, which the Arcadians were offering up to the Lycæan Jupiter, tasted the entrails of a boy who had been slaughtered; upon which he was turned into a wolf, but, ten years afterwards, was restored to his original shape and his calling of an athlete, and returned victorious in the pugilistic contests at the Olympic games.”

There were no werewolves in goddess and (early) pagan cultures, so there were no historical references to werewolves in the early Rome or Greek writings, only poetic historical accounts of the shifts of culture from shamanism and animism into paganism and religious kingdoms approximately around 2,500 bce until the 2nd century bce. History is based on written accounts and the soul history is based on ancient art and oral tradition and folklore. But shaman’s stories of the animism souls were not shared, and falls under the mysteries and rites of the shaman. Even I, outside the context of my apprentices do not share that much compared to what I experience everyday.

“Arcadia: The story of wolf transformation spread more widely and seems to have become quite popular during the Roman period. We learn about the entertaining story of Niceros who, during Trimalchios’ fantastic dinner party, told this story about his friend, a soldier, who transformed into a wolf in a graveyard: “He stripped himself and put all his clothes by the roadside. My heart was in my mouth, but I stood like a dead man. He made a ring of water round his clothes and suddenly turned into a wolf. Please do not think I am joking; I would not lie about this for any fortune in the world. But as I was saying, after he had turned into a wolf, he began to howl, and ran off into the woods. At first I hardly knew where I was, then I went up to take his clothes; but they had all turned into stone…”; and later he became a human again, returning to Nicoros’ house (Petronius, Satyricon, 61f, c. CE 60).”

 

Sources: Illustration by Edward Kinsella; Illustration by Boris Zabirokhin, wolf and man Russian Illustrator; Singer Ruslana and a beautiful Polish Wolf; http://www.beyonddracula.com/the-wolf-warriors; Photo of wolf via danais.ro; Romanian basic history from http://www.folkwearsociety.com – Folkwear Society is a not-for-profit initiative, founded by social anthropologist Ana Bogdan; The Romanian Folk Almanac compiled by Ion Ghinoiu Translated by Doina Carlsson from the Comoara Satelor: Calendar Popular, All Rights Reserve, Published by BTFF, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Copyright © 2010, Ion Ghinoiu; http://ralphhaussler.weebly.com/wolf-mythology-italy-greek-celtic-norse.html; SIM. FL. Marian – the holidays the Romanians, 1898. (David Romano and Mary Voyatzis, suggesting ritual activities on Mount Lykaison since circa 3,000 bce via http://ralphhaussler.weebly.com/wolf-mythology-italy-greek-celtic-norse.html). Pliny’s Natural History 8.34 via http://ralphhaussler.weebly.com/wolf-mythology-italy-greek-celtic-norse.html; 

wolf clans

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